Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia's report cards.
Please Note: All the information presented here is outdated. Visit here to get the latest information.
The following charts and graphs will be focused towards the human development and economies of Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Somalia. Nearly all the sources listed below are backed by the World Bank
HIV and AIDS is a gashtly epedemic in Africa. The numbers of HIV/AIDS cases has slowly started to stabilize in the horn of Africa due to government sponsored campaigns to educate the populations. Unfortunately, over 60,000 Eritreans, 1.6 million Ethiopians, 560,000 Sudanese and 50,000 Somalis are estimated to have the HIV/AIDS virus.
|Horn Nations||Numbers with Aids (2007)||Percentage|
Internet access in the horn of Africa is modest at best. Sudan has greatly jumped in internet usage while Eritrea has gradually increased their numbers. Due to government clamp downs, Ethiopian internet access is one of the worst of its kind. Only a staggering 0.4% of Ethiopians have internet access.
|Horn Nations||Internet access||Percentage|
|Eritrea||200,000 out of 5 million||4.06%|
|Ethiopia||360,000 out of 85 million||0.4%|
|Sudan||4,200,000 out of 41 million||10.2%|
|Somalia||102,000 out of 9 million||1.1%|
Child mortality rate has drastically fallen since 1995 for Eritrea and Ethiopia, while the Sudan has gradually decreased it. Due to wars and lack of having a central government, Somalia's numbers have yet to decrease.
|Horn Nations||Child Mortality Rate, Under 5 (Per 1,000)||Percentage Change|
|Eritrea||115 in 1995 and 58 in 2008||50% reduction|
|Ethiopia||180 in 1995 and 109 in 2008||39% recduction|
|Sudan||119 in 1995 and 109 in 2008||8.5% reduction|
|Somalia||200 in 1995 and 200 in 2008||0|
The literacy rates are somewhat outdated. All these estimations were done in 2003, so one can assume these numbers have steadily increased (exception war-torn Somalia). In 2003, Eritrea's literacy rate was estimated to be around 60% of the population. This number may very well have climbed to 65% or even 70% of the population being able to read and write.
|Horn Nations||Literacy rates (2003)||Percentage|
|Eritrea||3 to 3.5 million out of 5 million||60-70%|
|Ethiopia||29 to 38 million out of 85 million||35-45%|
|Sudan||24 to 28 million out of 41 million||60-70%|
|Somalia||3 to 3.6 million out of 9 million||35-40%|
The GDP per capita is far more important than the GDP national. GDP per capita tells us more about the average citizen than the nation as a whole. The average citizen in Eritrea earns around 335 dollars yearly. While the average Ethiopian citizen earns around 316 dollars. Although these numbers have increased since 1995, both of them are extremely low compared to even most sub-Saharan African standards. Thanks to oil discovery, the Sudan's GDP per capita has increased by 67% since 1995. This year will be the year Eritrea will begin exporting her gold resources and both the national and per capita GDP will get a significant sharp rise.
|Horn Nations||GDP per capita (2008)||Percent change|
|Eritrea||180 in 1995 and 335 dollars in 2008||53.7%|
|Ethiopia||133 in 1995 and 316 dollars in 2008||58%|
|Sudan||448 in 1995 and 1,352 dollars in 2008||67%|
Life expectancy in Eritrea has gradually increased from 52 years average in 1995 to nearly 60 years average in 2008. All horn of African nations life expectancy have increased to various degrees.
|Horn Nations||Life Expectancy (2008)||Average|
|Eritrea||Male Female||59.5 years|
|Ethiopia||Male Female||55.2 years|
|Sudan||Male Female||58.1 years|
|Somalia||Male Female||49.8 years|
Thanks largely to Eritrea's abundant gold and mineral resources, Eritrea's economy is expected to grow by a steady 6% in 2010 and 8.5% increase in 2011. Sudan's red hot petroleum backed economy will slowly start to stabilize and stay around 4.2% for both the 2010 and 2011 seasons. Ethiopia's economy will grow around 7% in 2010 and 8% in 2011.
|Horn Nations||GDP national for 2010||GDP national of 2011|
|Eritrea||6% est. (source)||8.5% est. (source)|
|Ethiopia||7% est. (source)||8% est. (source)|
|Sudan||4.2 est. (source)||4.2 est. (source)|
Depending on which source you take, Eritrea's population as of now is somewhere between 5.2 million (UN source) or 5.7 million (CIA factbook). For the next 5 years, Eritrea's population will increase by 157,000 yearly average or a 2.8% annual increase. Both Sudan and Ethiopia will also have a large annual population growth both reaching 2% or greater growth for the next half a decade.
|Horn Nations||Population Increases (2010-2015)||Percentage|
|Eritrea||157,000 annual growth||2.8%|
|Ethiopia||2.2 million annual growth||2.49%|
|Sudan||1.3 million annual growth||2.0%|
Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia's report cards. Reviewed by Admin on 7:51 AM Rating: