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Eritrea: 26th Newsletter Released

H.E. Ambassador Araya Desta, Eritrea's Permanent Representative to the African Union and the UN Economic Commission for Africa

The Press Section of the Permanent Mission of the State of Eritrea to the AU and UNECA has released its twenty-sixth bi-weekly newsletter.

Click here to read the previous newsletter.

Intervention by H.E. Ambassador Araya Desta Permanent Representative of the State of Eritrea to the African Union and UN Economic Commission for Africa

On the ‘Report of the Peace and Security Council on its Activities and the State of Peace and Security in Africa,’ at the 24th Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union, 31 January 2015, Addis Ababa

Mr. Chairman, thank you for giving me this opportunity.

Allow me, at the outset, to convey to the august Assembly the warm greetings of H.E. Isaias Afwerki, the President of the State of Eritrea.

Mr. Chairman,
As clearly reflected in the Report, our continent is facing multiple security challenges. The rise of extremism, terrorism and human trafficking in many part of Africa is a source of grave concern.

Eritrea believes that it is important to strengthen existing and create new mechanisms of cooperation among countries of the region as well as the relevant regional and international organizations.

On its part, Eritrea plays an active role in promoting peace and security in the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea Regions. Eritrea has been actively working for peaceful resolution of conflicts, and it has firmly and consistently been combating terrorism, extremism, piracy, human trafficking and other scourges
bedeviling our continent.

Mr. Chairman,
I would like to briefly share Eritrea’s views on some parts of the report.

On the Situation Between Eritrea-Ethiopia

One of the major factors hindering the promotion of peace and security in the Horn of Africa Region is the continued occupation of sovereign Eritrean territories.

It has been more than 14 years since the Algiers Agreement was signed; and about 13 and 7 years respectively, since the EEBC awarded its Final and Binding Delimitation and Demarcation Decisions.

My Delegation wishes to use this opportunity to reiterate its call on the AU, as one of the Guarantors of
the Algiers Agreement, to urge our neighbor to abide by its treaty obligations and unconditionally withdraw
from sovereign Eritrean territory, including the town of Badme.

Mr, Chairman,
I assure you that the end of the occupation will pave the way for the normalization of relations between the two countries, and will have a major impact in stabilizing the region.

On the Situation in South Sudan

The Member States of the Union and the international community need to strengthen their support to the People and Government of South Sudan in order for the country push forward its nation building agenda and overcome the challenges facing the process. It is also crucial that the sovereignty of South Sudan be respected.

Mr. Chairman,
In conclusion, I would like to reaffirm Eritrea’s commitment to contribute its share for the pacific
resolution of conflicts, and for the creation of an environment conducive for the promotion of cooperation
in the Horn of African Region and across the continent.

Thank you, Mr. Chairman!

Interventions by the Delegation of the State of Eritrea On the ‘Annual Report of the Chairperson on the Activities of the AU Commission’ at the AU Executive Council and PRC Sessions

On Year of Agriculture and Food Security

The attainment of food security is critical to safeguard the dignity and security of our continent. We appreciate the work done by the Commission in raising the profile of agriculture and food security over the past year. As the theme year comes to an end, we would like to encourage the AUC to continue and redouble its effort in this area.

Eritrea has put the development of agriculture and the attainment of food security as a priority of priorities, and is making huge investment to realize this objective. As the result of this strategy, it has been almost a decade since Eritrea stopped receiving food aid.

On Access to Modern Energy Services

My delegation appreciates the work being done by the AUC under the Eastern Africa Regional Geothermal Programme which includes providing grants for surface studies and drilling, as well as training of experts.

Eritrea has enormous geothermal potential for power generation in the Red Sea Rift areas. The Government has been making efforts to harness this potential. It is also engaged with the AUC’s Eastern Africa Regional Geothermal Programme, and with other partners to develop the resources.

On Policies for Sustainable Utilization of Mineral and Other Resources

The Report mentions the African Mining Development Center (AMDC), and its objective of ensuring
that Member States obtain optimal revenues from mineral resources.

Eritrea is richly endowed with mineral resources with more than 60% of its landmass covered with
basement rocks rich in minerals. Currently there are about 17 foreign mining and exploration companies
operating in the country. The Eritrean mining law has provisions that optimize the revenue derived from the
sector. Currently, the Government has 40-50% shares in the mining operations, as well as levies 38%
income tax.

Although Eritrea is an emerging mining jurisdiction, it is ready to share its experience with interested
sisterly countries. To this end, my Government has begun consultations with the AMDC to explore areas
of cooperation.

On Combating Human Trafficking

My delegation wishes to express its gratitude to the sisterly Republic of Sudan for hosting the Regional
Ministerial Conference on Human Trafficking and Smuggling in the Horn of Africa, in October 2014 in
Khartoum. We also commend the AUC and the partner organizations for making the necessary preparations
for the success of the Conference.

We would like to use this opportunity to call up on the AUC to facilitate the implementation of the outcome
of the Conference as contained in the Strategy and Plan of Action. Eritrea remains committed to combating the scourge of human trafficking and smuggling, and is ready to cooperate with the participating states, the AUC, and partner states and organizations for the success of the Initiative.

On ‘Silencing the Guns in Africa by 2020’

Among the priorities set by the AUC for 2015 are activities to realize the goal of ‘silencing the guns in
Africa by 2020.’ One area of focus mentioned under this priority is the need ‘to renew efforts to resolve the
remaining conflicts.’ Eritrea salutes this initiative.

The achievement of the goal requires Member States to unconditionally abide by Final and Binding arbitration decisions, and for the AU to shoulder its commitment in regard to the Peace Agreements it has guaranteed.

Ethiopia Must be Urged to Vacate Sovereign Eritrean Territories Including the Town of Badme

The Algiers Agreement of 2000 signed by the President of Eritrea and the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, guaranteed by the AU and UN and endorsed by the UNSC clearly states that:

“The parties agree that a neutral Boundary Commission composed of five members shall be established with a MANDATE to DELIMIT and DEMARCATE the colonial treaty border based on pertinent colonial treaties (1900, 1902 and 1908) and applicable international law. The Commission shall not have the power to make decisions ex aequo et bono.”

“The parties agree that the delimitation and demarcation determinations of the Commission shall be FINAL and BINDING. Each party shall respect the border so determined, as well as territorial integrity and sovereignty of the other party.”

On the bases of the Algiers Agreement, the Eritrea Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) has delimited and demarcated the boundary between Eritrea and Ethiopia in 2002 and 2007, respectively. There is no longer a border dispute between Eritrea and Ethiopia. What we have is Ethiopia’s occupation of sovereign Eritrean territories.

The Guarantors and Witnesses of the Algiers Agreement must urge Ethiopia to respect its treaty obligations and immediately and unconditionally vacate from the territories the EEBC has awarded to Eritrea, including the town of Badme.

Eritrea has consistently reaffirmed that if Ethiopia withdraws from the Eritrean territories it is occupying
in the morning, dialogue between the two countries on issues of mutual concern could start the same day in the afternoon.

Continue reading.....

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Eritrea: 26th Newsletter Released Reviewed by Admin on 5:14 AM Rating: 5


  1. It's amazing to see a group of monkeys on the AU (with due respect of all diplomats and big bellies).
    It's strange when there is a guarantor who is not able or not willing to set his will upon a member state to be abide by an agreement or rule of law. The reason might be, that the guarantor is corrupt and for this reason there is no reason to exist, or incapable, then need to be reset differently.
    Thanks ambassador Araya Desta.

  2. But you cannot see the right given to your koko ras diplomats to publish a news letter accusing the state where the diplomats assigned at. Ayeee Yeshaboo neger. AU already told your old dying animal Assyass to negotiate peacefully with Ethiopia

  3. Alula abanega yemenelik telalaFebruary 5, 2015 at 12:45 PM

    You dead brain, the militia-regime has given a warning by the americans, see
    the documentary. Eritrea has received 5 supersonic migs and 6 helicopters from
    those who oppose the militia-regime. kernaf Adgi.America is short of wheat and
    money for 2015. Already warned the militia-regime, anyhow you better see
    the documentary you will see it very clearly the brain of the militia-regime of

  4. Final and binding..doesn't give chance to farther said in many occasions other dialogue on how to normalize relation comes soon after, but never in advance..

  5. Actually Eritrea delegation asked AU to demarcate the boarder but our Ethiopian delegation response for all Eritrean question then the AU rejected Eritrea's question.

    ኤርትራ ያቀረበችው የ‹‹ድንበር ይከለልልኝ›› ጥያቄ በአፍሪካ መሪዎች ውድቅ ተደረገ

    ‹‹ኢትዮጵያ ሁሌም የአፍሪካ ባለውለታ ናት›› አዲሱ የኅብረቱ ፕሬዚዳንት ሮበርት ሙጋቤ

    ባለፈው ሳምንት በአዲስ አበባ ሲካሄድ በሰነበተው የአፍሪካ ኅብረት 24ኛ መደበኛ የመሪዎች ጉባዔ መጠናቀቂያ ላይ የኤርትራ መንግሥት አጀንዳ አስይዞ ነበር፡፡ በኮሚሽኑ ውሳኔ መሠረት የኢትዮ-ኤርትራ ድንበር እንዲካለልና የኢትዮጵያ ወታደሮችም በኃይል ከያዙት የኤርትራ ግዛት እንዲለቁ ኤርትራ ጠይቃለች፡፡ በአፍሪካ ኅብረት የኤርትራ ተወካዮች ጥያቄውን በአምባሳደር አርዓያ ደስታና በአቶ ቢኒያም በርሄ አማካይነት ስታቀርብ፣ ከኢትዮጵያ ተወካዮች ምላሽ ተሰጥቶበት መጠነኛ ውይይት እንደተደረገበት፣ ስብሰባው ከተገኙት ምንጮች ለማወቅ ተችሏል፡፡

    የኢትዮጵያን መንግሥት ወክለው በዚሁ በዝግ በተካሄደው የመሪዎች ጉባዔ ማጠናቀቂያ ላይ የተገኙት ምንጮች እንዳስረዱት፣ ኤርትራ ቀድማ አጀንዳ አስይዛ ያነሳችው ጥያቄ የድንበር ኮሚሽኑ ውሳኔ ያለምንም ቅድመ ሁኔታ ተግባራዊ እንዲሆን ነው፡፡ በተጨማሪም ድንበሩ እንዲከለልና የኢትዮጵያ ወታደሮች የኤርትራን ግዛት ለቀው ኤርትራ በሕግ የተሰጣትን መሬት እንድታገኝ ኅብረቱ ጫና እንዲፈጥር ጠይቃለች፡፡ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስትር ዴኤታ አምባሳደር ብርሃነ ገብረ ክርስቶስ በጉዳዩ ላይ ምላሽ ሰጥተዋል፡፡ አምባሳደር ብርሃነ የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥትን አቋም ያብራሩ ሲሆን፣ ቀደም ሲል ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ኃይለ ማርያም ደሳለኝ፣ ‹‹የድንበር ችግሩን ለመፍታትና በሁለቱም አገሮች መካከል ሰላም ለመፍጠር አስመራም ድረስ በመሄድ ለመደራደር ዝግጁ ነኝ፤›› ማለታቸውን አስምረው፣ መንግሥታቸው ዓለም አቀፍ ሕግን ለማክበር ምን ጊዜም ዝግጁ ቢሆንም የድንበር ውሳኔው ግን በውይይትና በድርድር ለመቋጨት ዝግጁ መሆኑን ተናግረዋል፡፡

    አምባሳደሩ በመከራከሪያ ሐሳባቸው፣ ‹‹ችግሩ ዓለም አቀፍ ሕግን ያለማክበር ሳይሆን የኤርትራ ሰላም አለመፈለግ ነው፡፡ የአስመራ መንግሥት አካባቢውን ለማተራመስ የሽብር አጀንዳ ይዞ እየተንቀሳቀሰ ይገኛል፤›› ማለታቸውን ምንጮች ጠቁመዋል፡፡ አምባሳደሩ በማከልም የአፍሪካ ኅብረት ቀደም ሲል በኤርትራ ላይ ያሳለፈው ውሳኔ አለመነሳቱን፣ የተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት (ተመድ) የፀጥታው ምክር ቤትም ሁለት ጊዜ የጣለው ማዕቀብ ያልተነሳ መሆኑ፣ የኤርትራ መንግሥት ከአሸባሪነት ባህሪው ያልተላቀቀ መሆኑን እንደሚያሳይ ማስረዳታቸው ታውቋል፡፡

    በዚሁ 24ኛ መደበኛ የኅብረቱ ጉባዔ ላይ የኅብረቱ ፕሬዚዳንት ሆነው የተመረጡ የዚምባቡዌ ፕሬዚዳንት ሮበርት ገብርኤል ሙጋቤ በበኩላቸው፣ የኢትዮጵያን አቋም በመደገፍ ሁለቱም አገሮች ችግራቸው መፍታት ያለባቸው በውይይትና በመተሳሰብ መሆን እንዳለበት፣ እንዲሁም የነጮችን ይሁንታ መጠበቅ እንደሌለባቸው ገልጸው፣ ለኅብረቱ የቀረበው ጥያቄ አግባብነት የሌለው መሆኑን መናገራቸውንም ለማወቅ ተችሏል፡፡

    ‹‹ጉዳያችሁን ለሦስተኛ ወገን አሳልፋችሁ አትስጡ፡፡ ኢትዮጵያ ያቀረበችውን የሰላም ሐሳብ በአዎንታ እንቀበለዋለን፡፡ መፍትሔውም እሱ ብቻ ነው፤›› በማለት ያቀረቡት ሐሳብ በመሪዎች ሙሉ ድጋፍና ከፍተኛ ጭብጨባ ተቀባይነት አግኝቶ ጉዳዩ መቋጨቱንም ምንጮች ገልጸዋል፡፡

  6. Telalaki is messenger in holy language Amaregna. And messenger means diplomat in politics. So what is your issue to call Alula the diplomat? First limit your bad mouth before you analyze American economical position which is beyond your decayed brain.

  7. Algiers agreement which Shaboo shot at & killed is null and void.
    That is final and binding

  8. Look, if you want to talk seriously you're welcome, if you are here to learn no body will agress you, here are "meadi of talent" get-to-gether of Eritreans and non to change ideas and harmony, if you're here out of chorus you mistake place my brother.
    Going back to the point who ever will come in ethiopia as administrator, we're going to refer ourselves to the Algiers agreement..There are documents signed by the late pm. melles zenawi and president Isayas Afewerki.

  9. alulabanega serqo-meblatFebruary 6, 2015 at 12:30 PM

    You hungry fox get out from this website, dirty,play with yours
    one who steal peoples belongings, and deliver to his chieftain and
    eat his remnant, is this a messenger? I told you the americans they don't
    have enough grain for their horses they already warned to the militia-junta of ethiopia, and the militia replied, we have somalia , south-
    sudan, and kenya, we already started stealing them. what a dead brain
    you are.

  10. Thanks to Issays Afeworkis childish diplomacy and arrogancy we lost the diplomatic battle for loooong time ago. Read what Michaela Wrong wrote in her book and you will understand why we are where we are. Issyas who himself became power hungry dictator as the rest of his collegues in AU, insulted the same guys in 1993/94 in his first speach in AU. We are now paying the price of his zero diplomacy skills. We had the upper hand when Badme was legally awarded to us but all is gone thanks to this drunk president, and we are now more isolated than ever. We dont have any friend at all, when was the last time any President/Prime minster of any country visited Eritrea (dont count Al bashir in this, he has no where to go).
    Even Sudan have realized isolation is not a solution and is now trying hard to approach USA and normalise the relation with west (read the latest visit of Sudan's foregin minster in USA).

  11. Forget man made agreements and politics, how on earth can you guys deny Assab and its environs is the NATURAL gateway of people on land next to it? i.e political land called Ethiopia
    I only change my stand towards you based on your unequivocal respect for the right of tens of millions of people unconditionally.

  12. ኣዬ ህግደፍ መንደፍ፤ ሕጂ ዶ ይሓይሽ?


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