|Eritrean Mother with her child|
The United Nation's MDG 5 calls for developing countries to reduce their maternal mortality rate to 75 percent by 2015. In Eritrea's case, this means reducing its maternal mortality rate from 1400 in 1991 (which was once the highest figure worldwide) down to 350 by 2015.
Since wining independence in 1991, the Government of Eritrea, in collaboration with partners, have taken efficient coordinated programs to drastically reduce this figure to 280 deaths per 100,000 births, which is an impressive 80 percent reduction.
Similarly, in the same period of time, Eritrea has reduced its malaria mortality by 83%, diminished its infant child mortality under five by 63 percent, nearly declined its HIV/AIDs in half to 0.8%, and has nearly doubled its life expectancy to a 66 year average, which leads Sub-Sahara Africa.
As a result of the successful endeavors in the health department, each community in Eritrea now has a fully-trained maternal caregiver, which has been playing a vital role in considerably reducing mortality from giving childbirth among rural communities. Moreover, the UNDP believes an additional funding of 88 million will be needed over the next four years to maintain a universal coverage for maternal and infant care in Eritrea.
|Horn Nations||Maternal Mortality Rate (Per 100,000)||Percentage Change|
|Eritrea||1400 in 1991 and 280 in 2008*||80% reduction|
|Ethiopia||900 in 1991 and 470 in 2008||52% reduction|
|Sudan||830 in 1991 and 750 in 2008||9.6% reduction|
|Somalia||Unknown in 1991 and 1200 in 2008||N/A|
Source: World Health Organization
* 2008 is the latest complete data published by WHO
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|Eritrean Mother with her Child|