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Eritrea Reduces Its Maternal Mortality by 80%

Eritrea Reduces Its Maternal Mortality Rate by 80%

Eritrean Mother with her child
According to the United Nations Development Progamme (UNDP), Eritrea is one of  four African countries on track to meet its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for Maternal Health.

The United Nation's MDG 5 calls for developing countries to reduce their maternal mortality rate to 75 percent by 2015. In Eritrea's case, this means reducing its maternal mortality rate from 1400 in 1991 (which was once the highest figure worldwide) down to 350 by 2015.

Since wining independence in 1991, the Government of Eritrea, in collaboration with partners, have taken efficient coordinated programs to drastically reduce this figure to 280 deaths per 100,000 births, which is an impressive 80 percent reduction.

Similarly, in the same period of time, Eritrea has reduced its malaria mortality by 83%, diminished its infant child mortality under five by 63 percent, nearly declined its HIV/AIDs in half to 0.8%, and has nearly doubled its life expectancy to a 66 year average, which leads Sub-Sahara Africa.

As a result of the successful endeavors in the health department, each community in Eritrea now has a fully-trained maternal caregiver, which has been playing a vital role in considerably reducing mortality from giving childbirth among rural communities. Moreover, the UNDP believes an additional funding of 88 million will be needed over the next four years to maintain a universal coverage for maternal and infant care in Eritrea.

Horn NationsMaternal Mortality Rate (Per 100,000)Percentage Change 
 Eritrea1400 in 1991 and 280 in 2008*80% reduction 
 Ethiopia900 in 1991 and 470 in 200852% reduction
 Sudan830 in 1991 and 750 in 20089.6% reduction
 SomaliaUnknown in 1991 and 1200 in 2008N/A

Source: World Health Organization
* 2008 is the latest complete data published by WHO

                                                        [Click on images to see larger quality]
Eritrean Mother with her Child 

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Eritrea Reduces Its Maternal Mortality by 80% Reviewed by Admin on 6:52 AM Rating: 5


  1. Excellent work. If we can do more to assist as in send equipments, toys, books, decorations for children etc that will just be the cherry on top. This is a very great news and article. In just under 20 years and with so much hurdles to go over... this just makes you so proud of my country and people.

  2. Progress in reducing Mathernal mortality rate by 80% is very admirable. However, child malnutrition rate in Eritrea is high, the government can work on that with a snack programme for kids till grade eight. Give every child nutritious biscuits or fortified package to reduce malnutrition. While, Eritrean mothers are by far the best caring anywhere, but due to limited educated with respect to nutrition, they may not be feeding their children as well as they could had they known, so to help parents and kids snack programmes may be the way to reduce malnutrition.

  3. Anonymous who wrote in at September 19, 2011 8:16 PM

    Can you cite your source to Eritrea's "high" malnutrition rate? How does Eritrea's malnutrition rate remain "high" during a bumper harvest? More importantly, how does Eritrea's malnutrition rate go up, while just about everything, including the most important category (life expectancy) is going up? Yes you are right, malnutrition rates among kids was high during the severe droughts of 2002-3 year, which was a result of Ethiopia's invasion from a few years before. Today, this figure is good and malnutrition isn't a problem, even though some lame journalist will cite Eritrea's 2002 data to use it to attack Eritrea's current situation, which is what the paid Meles Zenawi agent Martin Plaut of the BBC did recently. So be careful with what you say, because you may very well be the next "credible source" for these pathetic and racist white journalist snooping around websites looking for any negative news (real or imagined) to fit the narrative of "secret Eritrea" that's "secretly hiding a famine". These losers never set foot in Eritrea, nor would they ever believe thousands of white Europeans, Americans, Canadians, and eastern Asians call Eritrea home. Unlike other African states, they are not NGOs, but just hardworking people who have settled in the world's safest city of Asmara.

    But I agree with you bro, we should help out back home by sending books, hospital equipment, and our professional services. We can not remain complacent, even with the fact that Eritrea is leading all of sub-Sahara Africa in just about every health and economic sectors these days.

  4. well done the Eritrean government to all endevours to rebuild Eritrea. but pls make some political reforms specially towards the
    Eritrean who contributed to the independence that we are enjoying, mainly to the x E.L.F. fighters who are aged at the moment pls well come them to Eritrea and let them enjoy just a fraction what Romodan
    Mohamed Nur "X E.P.L.F. LEADER" is enjoying @ the moment.
    by saying this there are peaple who will not understand what i mean
    will jump and say stupid things but think recounciliation among our
    selves bring them home insted of the Eritrean enemies use them
    as a cards.I seize this apportunity to say to our president in NY
    all the best in your mission to the UN assembly to show the world
    that the Eritrean will never neel down to this unjust sunctions.
    awet nhafash hezbi Eritra!


  6. @ Nebay from Chicago,

    You do not need for someone to tell you whether or not there is kids malnutrition in Eritrea. If you are waiting for some one to tell you, then I say return back to Martin Plaut's report. This is a personal view based on observing Eritrea kids in comparison to kids from other nations. The Eritrean government may need to adopt a policy of ensuring the safety and well being of every Eritrean child. Although it may be very challenging to extend the guarantee to every child till they reach age of majority (18 or 19) with a small economy, but feeding kids and in primary and junior high can be done.

    Eritrea has higher life expectancy than the countries surrounding, but that does not translate in all kids getting equal shot at life. Given the relative differences in living condition of Eritreans some are able to afford to equip their child while others have limited resources, hence not every child is equally full when they come to attend school. Providing nutritious snack programme before or a class after would insure that every kid is full, thus has equal chance of absorbing information materials given in class rooms. The snacks do not have to be large in size nor disruptive, but little piece that can be incorporated while starting class, for some kids may be coming to school with little or no food in the morning.

    Again, you do not have to limit yourself or not discussing for fear someone quotes you. Let them quote and you keep on reciting the article they quoted from. After all the adversary is not going to go away when they do not have source to hit, the answer is to be as much committed as the adversary and keep on exposing their lies. In the meantime discuss issues that you deemed is important.


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