Eritrea needs to catch up in adapting sustainable green agro-health policies & educational practices
Applicable – Trouble Shooting Paper Project
Refrigeration – Fundamental Water Chemistry
And it’s Indispensability in Life
Affiliation with Chemical Society
State of Eritrea, May 24, 2010
Fundamental Water Chemistry and its Indispensability in Life
-Biochemical Application of Hydrogen Bonding (H2O)
-Water As A Prime Source Of Nutritional Food
-Reverse Heat Engines (Refrigerators)
-Phases of Matter (Solid, Liquid, Gas)
-Phase Transitions (Sublimation/Deposition, Fusion/Freezing...)
-Change in Enthalpy (△H) Of Phase Transitions
When I was preparing to compile the idea, the question I had to ponder was: climate change is happening, and what are the measures societies have to undertake to mitigate this change? The tip, I may be interested in selling out isn’t about carbon capture and sequestration which ought to be left up to the industrial polluters to deal with whether it’s effective or not so long as there is profligate demand for energy, nevertheless, certain nations lag behind to meet the demand of adequate food security because of lack of sufficient rain fall, soil degradation or drought ----Yet it’s naive to jump into a conclusion that the ongoing problem can be tackled simply by adding Haber Bosch’s creation of nitrogen fertilisers as it could be a contributing factor to the cause, provided that it’s not over used----. Or implementation of programmes such as reforestation () to replace deforested land and thereby improve the amount of precipitation or alleviate carbon emission and maintain carbon cycle disrupted of course due to heat of combustion byleast greenhouse gas effect to mention apart from the fact that global or regional geo-socio political, economical & cultural issues could also be a lingering trail to blame would be advisable.
The purpose of this technical paper project is to address the idea that achieving and harnessing a sustained food security doesn’t necessarily mean it has to be confined to an expectation of increased production solely from traditional farming yields. Rather, it would be to the advantage of newly independent countries like Eritrea to catch up in adapting sustainable green agro-health policies & educational practices which are already in use.
For example, the micro-dams being devised may get dry because there may be a season which wouldn’t have enough rainfall. Obviously, the question which would follow is: what will be the next step? Is the land ready, from an economy or energy-wise, to employ sustainable water desalination technology? Or, let’s think this way: if we are asked to compare metabolic food intake rate between an Eritrean low lander who dwells near the sea and an Eritrean who comes from high land, it wouldn’t be a surprise to find that the metabolic food intake rate of the low lander is higher with lower body weight due to unbearably hot weather in the region. Again, the question is: what can be done to control the problem?
Even though commercial refrigeration hasn’t been new in major households and shops, including the household I left in Eritrea, was easy to observe the difference it made when a member of a family bought it for the first time just before I left. Again, I’ve had experience with an out-dated refrigerator, where you defrost it manually on time. At times, it could be disadvantageous in terms of time consumption and extra costs of food products I could have saved. As a result, the setback I suffer in my well being since the lifetime becomes shorter and shorter as they get older. Some how, it has been a positive experiment for me to rethink.
Hence I came to deduce that introducing the technique of refrigeration and fundamental water chemistry, and its indispensability in life as a universal solvent in a broader scope, with the help of what Dr. R. Gordon, Emeritus Professor, Physical Chemist, of Queer’s university had to say on the subject of ' Thermochemistry Of Heat Engines' and other helpful references, could have an enormous impact in maintaining the infrastructure of the land. By this, it’s meant that the educational, food security and health strategy policy would flow intertwiningly. For instance, you’ve got large numbers of youngsters coming out of these educational or technical institutions with a piece of paper. The argument is: what consequence the land would endure if there is no prior work shop arrangements, so that these new graduates obtain sound work experience……
Mr. Thomas Mountain’s latest journal titled as ‘Surviving Climate Disaster in Africa’s Sahel ’ was an epicenter for me to write the project and subsequently it has been an impetus to publicize it.
Tseghai Kidane represents an independent research group for alert and preparedness in the area of environmental and scientific studies solely for Eritrea.
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