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British Politician Calls on Ethiopia to Withdraw its Forces From Sovereign Eritrean Territory

Eric Lubbock (Lord Avebury)

During a House of Lords debate on Eritrea and Ethiopia last Tuesday, Lord Avebury, a Liberal Democrat politician from the UK, called on the Ethiopian regime, which he describes as a "bullying neighbor", to vacate from sovereign Eritrean territory.

The following is transcript of Avebury's speech:

Lord Avebury (LD): My Lords, I warmly congratulate my noble friend Lord Chidgey on securing this short debate that links Eritrea and Ethiopia, and on his masterly summary of the human rights violations in Eritrea and the consequent exodus of large numbers of refugees.

The two countries were linked in a forced marriage when the UN organised a bogus test of public opinion in Eritrea and imposed a federal union of the two countries in 1952, followed 10 years later by Emperor Haile Selassie’s annexation of Eritrea. There followed a 30-year war of liberation to restore Eritrea’s independence.

27 Jan 2015 : Column 182

In the 1970s, I was chairman of the Eritrea Support Group, which campaigned in Parliament and the media for Eritrea’s freedom and tried to persuade Ministers to support the self-determination of the Eritrean people, sanctioned by international law. Ministers would always reply with the mantra, “We believe that a federal solution would be best for the people of Eritrea”. I tried to ask them how they dared to usurp the right of the people themselves to exercise the most fundamental right of all peoples, emphasised by its position as Article 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

In 1981, I visited Eritrea at the end of the Ethiopian sixth offensive. I travelled by Port Sudan through the desert and then along the Freedom Road, which was blasted out of the rock, up into the highlands, where I stayed at the Nacfa Hilton, a cave behind the front line. At dawn we saw the Antonov bombers dropping their loads on the ruins of Nacfa, in which the only building standing was the tower of the mosque. The corpses of Ethiopian conscripts killed in a hopeless attack on the cliffs protecting Nacfa were still lying where they had fallen, testifying to the futility of the Dergs’ colonialism.

In 1993, after the Eritreans gained their freedom, they held a referendum, in which there was a 99.3% turnout, in favour of independence, an event that no one who was there could ever forget. There was a spontaneous outburst of joy, with singing and dancing in the streets, and it seemed as if Eritrea, with its talented and hard-working people, would become a beacon of democracy and prosperity in the Horn of Africa. However, that dream was shattered when Ethiopia launched a fresh war of aggression on the pretence of a dispute over the border between the two countries.

After tens of thousands of lives had been lost on both sides and hundreds of millions of dollars had been spent on sophisticated weapons, it was agreed to refer the demarcation of the boundary to a commission headed by the distinguished British jurist Sir Elihu Lauterpacht, who was a schoolmate of mine 66 years ago. Both countries had agreed to accept the commission’s decision as final, but when the details were published in April 2002, Ethiopia found one excuse after another to dispute the findings. Ostensibly, its main reason was that the commission had awarded the small town of Badme to Eritrea, but as it had no significant value there must have been other reasons. The suspicion is that the long-term objective of Ethiopia is to re-annex its former dependency and, meanwhile, to weaken it by threatened aggression along the border and working to intensify sanctions on false charges of supplying weapons to the al-Shabaab terrorists in Somalia.

The Ethiopians unlawfully occupied territory all along the border that should have been demilitarised under the settlement, and Eritrea has been forced to maintain large armed forces as a precaution against further military attacks by its bullying neighbour. That was its justification for the much criticised imposition of indefinite military service, which was mentioned by my noble friend. The Eritrean ambassador told us that from last November conscription was limited to 18 months and that conscripts would not be required, as before, to perform civilian work such as road building, earning no more than $30 a month. Thousands of young people are fleeing the country every month, and Eritreans are the most numerous of those attempting the risky crossing from north Africa to Europe in which so many lose their lives. There is hope now that the flood of Eritrean asylum seekers will abate and that the colony will receive a boost from the extra labour in the private agricultural sector from the release of the indefinitely conscripted young people in the system.

The permanent existence of a state of “no war, no peace” is a major reason for the plethora of human rights violations by Eritrea, which have been mentioned by both my noble friend and the noble Baroness, Lady Kinnock. These include the arrest and disappearance of 21 opponents of the Government in 1991, arbitrary arrests and severe restrictions on freedom of expression and assembly. These are undoubtedly seen by the regime as necessary protections against their unscrupulous and determined enemy. That is not to defend such practices but to make an observation. Does the Minister not agree that, if the threat of aggression were lifted, violations of human rights would diminish and the flow of refugees would be further reduced? Trade between the two countries and access by Ethiopia to the ports of Assab and Massawa would boost economic activity throughout the region and lower unemployment locally and internationally, thus reducing the incentive to emigrate.

Ethiopia, on the other hand, has no enemies in the region and therefore has no reason for the severe restrictions on freedom of expression that it imposes. Human Rights Watch said last week that 22 journalists, bloggers and publishers were charged with criminal offences in the past year, Six independent publications were intimidated and closed, with dozens of staff forced into exile. Three owners of publications also fled abroad to escape false charges that led to sentences of three years in prison in absentia. Six members of Zone 9, a bloggers’ collective, were charged under the counterterrorism laws and have been in custody for 274 days, sending a chilling message to online activists. Can the Government not make representations to Prime Minister Desalegn to relax the stringent controls on freedom of expression so that Ethiopians can have a genuine election in May?

Above all, I call on the Government, and through them the EU, to launch a new diplomatic effort for peace in the region—for Ethiopians of all political parties to accept the Lauterpacht settlement unequivocally and to withdraw their forces from Eritrean territory.

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British Politician Calls on Ethiopia to Withdraw its Forces From Sovereign Eritrean Territory Reviewed by Admin on 3:47 PM Rating: 5


  1. Oh My Lord,

    I can't believe that there is some high ranking British official who genuinely advocates for peace in our region. "N men alewos Ezghi alewo" yiblu bxuat abotatna! N Ertrana kia Ezgiher alewa!!!! Betri hakis tketn ember aytsbern kblu ezom harbegnatat abotatnas hakom do aykonun!

  2. I am with you Segum and allow me to repeat your words again,
    Oh My Lord!
    With Men like Lord Avebury and good Ethiopian opposition, woyane's days are quickly shrinking. We know now that Eritrea is not alone in being on the right side of history.
    Long Live PFDJ.

  3. እንዴት ነው ነገሩ አንዳንድ ነጫጭባ ፈረንጆች ፀረ ኢትዮጲያ ንግግር አደረጉ ብላችሁ ደስታችሁ ወሰን አጣ ለማንኛውም ኢትዮጲያ በማንም የውጭ ሀይል የማትበገር ትልቅ እና ጠንካራ ሀገር ናት፡፡

    ሌላው ኤርትራ ግዛቴ በሀይል ተይዟል ካለች ለምን በሀይል ለምን አታስመልስም 30(ሰላሳ) ዓመት ተዋግተን ነፃ ወጥተናል ትሉ የለም እንዴ፡፡

    ለማንኛውም በአሁኑ ሰዓት ኢትዮጲያ በቀጠናው ጠንካራ ሀገር እንደመሆኗ መጠን አለም ሁሉ መንከባከብም ሆነ አብሮ መስራት የሚፈልገው ከኢትዮጲያ ጋር ነው፡፡ ባይሆን ኤርትራ ፖሊሲዋን ካስተካከለች ከኢትዮጲያ ጋር መታረቅ ትችላለች ይህን ተከትሎ ከሌሎች አፍሪካም ሆነ ከአለም ሀገሮች ጋ መቀላቀል ስለሚያስችላት በተቻላት መንገድ ወደ ትክክለኛው መስመር መምጣት አለባችሁ፡፡

    ከዚህ በተረፈ የሌሎች ሀገር ድጋፍ በመጠበቅ ነፃነት አይመጣም

  4. The empire of weyane is founded on foundation of sand therefore can not stand for long, can not inspire any heir as founded on the principles of total falsehood and hypocrisy. Now comes the showdown with the Ethiopian people that will go to the polls in May, the minority group unless will use the usual technique of deceiveness, defeat in all fronts is Iminente. Removed the cancer, finally the horn of africa will breathe the air of freedom.

  5. Bakeh izih afehen atekfeteben weyane agamie, hid iza cherchir ena inten belebet lemagn..

  6. Anything new in what you said? No. Apparently the propaganda you have heard all your life is dropping out of your mouth. If not, you would have thought about what you are saying. Ethiopians have always said their country is great and that it is powerful since the country itself came into being. We Eritreans, have no problem if Ethiopia and its people are great or powerful. Unfortunately we cannot say the same about its leaders.

    Great leaders abide by international law. The EEBC decision is international law. Our president had always said (since the letter he wrote to Meles Zenaw in 1997) that the issue of borders cannot be solved through war but through the implementation of international law. Your suggestion/invitation to war is simply childish. Your government will leave our land by hook by crook, to be specific, when the witnesses and guarantors (your leaders' bosses) say so!

    The rest of blah, blah, blah, . . . you wrote is just nonsense; you must be drunk or dreaming or whatever!

  7. Agree totally, we Eritreans have not any problem with our neighbours, as you say we have it and had in past history with the leaders, while about our peaceful co-existence with our neighbours, just ask any amhara in all Showa, ask Oromo's everywhere, we can't twiste history as weyane tried to do in vain..and as usual truth prevails.

  8. to KE ETHIO HAGER, listen ante ahiya fandiya, yante ethiopia tinkare beashewa lay yetemeserete benechoch yetekebebe yetellalki ( yenechochin tikim yemiaskebir) sihon esum be limenana berdata hiliwena legizew yalew sihon ERITREA , bedem beatin, begeginnet besinat yetemeseretena , yemaynekanek new

  9. The last fifteen years a big opportunity has missed because of the regime in addis they think, they can hide the truth, and called eritrea names . one thing they should understand, this we paid and scarifies 50 years for our survival now the time is arived to kick them ones and forever


  11. 'we Eritreans have not any problem with our neighbours'
    Only with Yemen (Hanish islands), Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan in the nineties. If you leave that out than yes isaias has no problems with any of his neighbors. Bytheway good luck with trying to get back into IGAD. Somalia, Djibouti and Ethiopia don't want you back even though isaias desperately wants to return after he left that organization himself. Talk about shooting yourself in the foot.

  12. መብራህቱ ተወልደJanuary 30, 2015 at 5:02 AM

    ማን ንበር ስምህ? ማንም ጸረ ኢትዮጵያ የተናገረ ፈረንጅ የለም እንግሊዝኛው ከገባህ ማለቴ ነው። "ሰላሳ ዓመት ተዋግተን ነጻ ወጥተናል ትሉ የለም'ንዴ?" ላልከው ግን፡ እኛ ራሳችን ብቻ ሳይሆን የኢትዮጵያ ህዝብ ጭምር ነው ነጻ ያወጠናው። ምናልባት ከሃያ ኣራት ኣመት በሁዋላ የተወለክድ ከሆነ ልታውቅ ኣትችል ይሆናል። እንኩዋን ዛሬ፡ ድሮም የማንም የውጭ ሃይል ጠብወን ይሁን ኣግኝተን ኣናውቅም። መሬታችን በሃይል የማስመለሱ ጉዳይ ግን ሌላ ነገር ነው። ምንም የሚኣስቸኩል ነገር የለም። ወያነ ራሱ እንኩዋን ከግዛታችን፡ ከኢትዮጵያም ጠቅልሎ ይወጣል። ትንሽ ታገስ!!

  13. Believe me Berhane, if it was for me, i couldn't bear even the african union (don't take it as racism nor as a grandeur mania) is just i don't appreciate them, as they are a mass of "big bellies". so imagine what i could say then about IGAD, what's that? a groupe of the most poor countries? Permanent Dependent countries? Beggars? What else Berhane, I could understand if we were talking about a membership of the Scandinavians, is completely different.

  14. ኤርትራ እንደ ሀገር ከተመሰረተች ጀምሮ የአካባቢው
    ልዕለ ሀያል ለመሆን ካላት ምኞት በመነሳት በመጀመሪያ ከየመን ጋር ጦርነት ገጠመች በዚህ ግዜ የዛሬን አያድርገውና ወያኔም የናንተ
    ተባባሪ በመሆን መሳሪያ እስከመስጠት ደርሶ ነበር በመቀጠል ከሱዳን ጋር ተጨፋጨፋችሁ ቀጣይዋ ደግሞ የኛዋ ኢትዮጲያ ሆነች ለነገሩ
    በጫካ ህጋችሁ ባላችሁ ውል መሰረት ከወያኔ ጋር ተመሳጥራችሁ ኢትዮጲያን ማፈራረስ ነበር እቅዳችሁ ከዛም የአዛዥ እና ታዛዥ ግንኙነታችሁ
    ሲበላሽ ኢትዮጲያን ወረራችሁ ወያኔም ባላሰበው ሁኔታ ህዝቡ ከጎኑ በመሆን ድራሻችሁን አጠፋ በመጨረሻም ከተረኛዋ ጅቡቲ ጋር ተዋጋችሁ፡፡
    እንግዴ ይህ ነው የናንተ ከጎረቤታችሁ ጋር ያላችሁ ግንኙነት

  15. My Dear Friends...said it all..Segum..Adal and etc...
    We made history, without an iota of fraction. Eritrea will surprise the world marching to the genuine home made DEMOCRACY...
    Let's keep up building our nation and defence force...
    Long Live Eritrea..
    Eritrea for Eritreans...

  16. ኢኵይ ስርዐት አስሜራ አልባቡ ኬጥፍእ እዩ ኢንድሕሪ ኬምዚ ሴሚዑ፡ ንምኻኑስ ቄዴም ኢዩ አልባቡ ዜጥፌኤ፡ ፌራ፡ጤቢብ ስርዓት።ኤርትራ አብ ኢድ ዐሜጽቲ ቆልዑትን ዑዋላታትን ዌዲቃ ትርኬብ፡ሓሴውቲ ንፌልጤክን ኢና እኳ ሜን ምዃንክን ቅድሚ ናብ ሜዳ ምስላፍክን።

  17. As usual truth prevails!

  18. Wegid! You are still regurgitating your regime's propaganda. It is easy to say negative things against your enemy. However, it is a real challenge to understand the position of your enemy and to examine the reasons of your friend (yourself). There is no way you would come to this conclusion if you considered the facts which you have conveniently excluded to tell--to Eritreans about their own country! What a nerve! The facts are,

    Sudan:Al Qaida started its world wide operation with Eritrea. It was in the Sudan. You are telling us we were supposed to just watch them. Like your regime, you do not realize that our myopic attempt to score a propaganda points has blinded you from realizing that, If it had succeeded, Ethiopia would have been its next victim!

    Yemen: Hanish was under Ethiopian control when Eritrea was under the Haileselassie's and the Derg's colonial regimes. Yemen occupied it militarily taking advantage of the situation that Eritrea is a new country, just trying to settle itself after a long period of war. You are saying, we should just throw our hands in the air and give up. It is unEritrean, and as an Ethiopian, you know it more than anyone else in the world.

    Djibouti: Purely fabricated lies. Refer to WikiLeaks. Eritrea and Djibouti were having warm relations, building infra structure that linked the two countries and even were about to sign a defense pact. WikiLeaks tells how your government officials went to the US embassy and cried buckets full of tears asking the US to punish Djibouti. Soon after, Djibouti accused Eritrea of invading its territory while it had allowed a military engineering group to enter its territory to extend a road that linked both countries. The French said Djibouti should cool things down since Eritreans have returned to their own territory. Who has advantage if Djibouti and Eritrea fight? Of course, Ethiopia's Weyane!

    These are the facts Mr. Weyane--er Mr Wene Yalew Yinesa! If you really want to LEARN, come and LEARN. Your government has been telling you transparent lies. Don't think you can pass them by Eritreans. Don't make a fool out of yourself. I am assuming you want peace, not to just insult Eritreans!

  19. Nonsense everywhere! Once again, life-long propaganda overflowing through the mouth, nose and ears! Were we suppose to sit down and let aggressors do what they want with us? THINK Mr. Weyane, THINK!

    Any reason for bringing IGAD here? It is not the topic. I guess anything that you can bring to divert the topic is fine for you. If Ethiopia and its little friends block Eritrean return, it is illegally! It is also because they are vulnerable to Ethiopian whims. Eritrea froze its membership so as not to participate in an illegal war against a member country, as the rules of the organization itself states! A principled, morally sound decision! Ethiopia has hijacked the organization and used it as its own foreign ministry and you are proud of this myopic policy! I guess those who have no real, legitimate reason for their existence can steal, kill, lie, maim, . . . in order to survive!

    If Eritrea comes back to IGAD, it will serve the true intention of the organization--to work for peace and development of the region--instead of serving the outlaw government of the Weyane and by proxy, Africa's new colonizers!

    Mr Berhane with a "B" get out of the outlaw mentality and THINK!

  20. Porco, what kind of AiGAmot are you? Why are you afraid of peace? Isn't peace a prerequisite for growth and development? Btw, do you really believe ERITREA is incapable of pushing you over the cliff?
    Grow up! Porca miseria!

  21. The EEBC verdict is "final and binding" and there is nothing Ethiopia or Eritrea could do to the contrary. Besides, EEBC has gone to the finish line by issuing a "delineated border". In case you have not been following the issue, the EEBC have not only gave their "final and binding verdict"; they also gave the coordinates (latitude and longitude) of the border line. Therefore, there is nothing Weyane or any other Ethiopian government could do; but to accept the verdict as is. . What is left is to post pillars or border marks so the local people will know which side of the border they are. As Lion of Nacfa put it, the border is is delinated and there is nothing Weyane, for that matter any future Ethiopia government could to stop this "legal and final binding evrdict'.

    For some reason you seem to be rattled by the words of the British leader. Do not be, it is and international law that could only be followed or implemented to the line.

    Trust me, peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea shall mean a lot to both country. At the very least, Ethiopia could no longer see their import/export good rot in the CHAT-ADDICTED port of Djibouti. Knowing they have Ethiopia as a hostage, here is Djibouti abusing Ethiopia by charging $5.25 per ton of cargo and what do Ethiopia get. They get Djibouti port employees who go to chew CHAT between 11 AM to 4 PM every day. Think about this and much more benefits you could have by "accepting the final and binding verdict".

  22. Well thank you for being kind to us but The British are the one who along with the Americans tried to please Ethiopia at the Expense of Eritrea and its peoples we are not asking to get others land but we wont leave others to take ours so sooner or later Woyane are going to vacate it but what is the impact happening on relations between Ethiopians and Eritreans

  23. Well said JART. the English lord is nothing more than a political prostitute parroting the agenda of his Eritrean constituency. There's no war and there is no peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia. Eritreans should be grateful that there's no war. That is all that they can ask for. As for peace, there is no shooting war and Ethiopia is not interested in attacking or invading Eritrea. That is all Ethiopia will offer. The reason Eritreans are crying for "Peace" is because they believe that it will lead to the "normalization" of relationships between the two countries. "Normalization" to Eritreans means going back to the pre-1998 days when parasytic Eritrea fed off Ethiopian resources and Ethiopia's economy to run their country. Otherwise, if you look at the situation, what else has changed? Eritrea still is "independent"and runs it's own affairs. Badme is just an excuse. It was never the reason for the war. It is a useless piece of land that has no economic value. Why hold hundreds of thousands of your youth in trenches over a worthless piece of land? The war started not because of Assab or Massawa or Badme, it started because the Eritrean government printed its' own money and in it's stupidity and arrogance expected Ethiopia to allow it to value the Nakfa at par with the Birr. Eritreans KNOW that without Ethiopia, sooner than later, their beloved Eritrea will dissipate into thin air. If you look into history, about 100 year ago the Italian parliament was debating on abandoning Eritrea because the colony was sapping the Italian treasury. The worthless piece of colony known as Eritrea needed funding from the Italian government to survive. The logic, argued the Italian parliamentarians, was for the colony to supply the Italian industries with raw materials and not for Italy to pay to keep the colony afloat. THAT is also the reason the Italians were forced to invade Ethiopia in both 1896 and 1935 because it was Ethiopia that had the resources that Italy desired. Eritrea was just the stepping stone. And today 100 years later it is nothing but a stepping stone. A stone that its youth are stepping on to get the hell out of there. Now it is the former colony that desires the resources Ethiopia has. How's that for Irony??

  24. Ararbe, how poetic of you!! That is exactly what it is! A home made democracy. Hahahahaha

  25. A principled morally sound decision he says lol. So what has changed now that Eritrea is begging to return. If Eritrea comes back into IGAD you say, forget it Eritrea chose to leave by itself, no one forced it to go. So good riddance. Ethiopia is not the only one to be happy with the absence of isaias in IGAD meetings. Djibouti has a border conflict with you too. And the Somali government doesn't want you in IGAD as well. Even though the Asmara regime made a u-turn and has agreed finally to accept to Somali government.

    Face it, the only one with a myopic, short-sighted foreign policy is the dictator in chief in Asmara. The one-man regime who has imprisoned countless of Eritrean heroes (general Ogbe, Petros Solomon). Strangely enough you could care less about them. Was that a principled morally sound decision as well? Do you think that letting heroes of the Eritrean liberation rot in jail for more than a decade is principled and morally sound?

  26. N Ezghi abbey tifelTo ata kedaE Higdef.

  27. lil' skank! no jart here, take your smelly socks outta here. shameful woyane you luck originalty; paractice....practice.....practice.....and practice some more!!!! hasad, gRim Eba EnDA HAlemka QrXet!! amhara has a saying for you: dKHA Tesmee Entey Zehalm; bDrket mMote!....something to tha effect...pls dont reply.

  28. don't trust any white man, this fucker has something to gain, perhaps investment on the mining industry or something. no white man would waste his time defending Eritrea for nothing. be cautious when dealing with those characters.

  29. Ethiopia spent 100 billion dollars to keep Eritrea. How's that for Irony? Don't compare Eritrea with Ethiopia. We are no match. Your beloved Ethiopia swallowed billions and billions dollars worth of aid money while Eritrea is doing it all alone.

  30. yes you are right. the AU is full of fat bellies who cant see further than the tip of their greasy noses. Prostitute men who sold their souls.....

  31. Sudan brought in Al Qaeda. Ethiopia tried to take over Eritrea. Djibouti being a prostitute was doing America's dirty job. Yemen....may be we had a problem. IGAD is collection of losers just like the AU....unbelievably shamefully useless. Look at the South Sudanese for Heaven's sake!!!! The somalis are brave people trying to break free of mental slavery. Sudan is slowly learning from its mistakes. Half of Djibouti is American base, Ethiopia is run by NGOs. And you think Eritrea wants to be part of these losers???

  32. A short debate in the House of Lords on the events in Eritrea and Ethiopia

  33. Wonderful speech. An Eritrean patriot sounds exactly the same.
    The only statement I missed, is when the honorable sir was describing Ethiopia. He forget to mention that Ethiopia is ruled by a minority and even if the country has no threatning enemies from the outside, Ethiopia´s enemy resides within the country and it´s called the malelit.

  34. Brother that is something that externals told you or put it in your mind, is the same story about "saddam hussein have a mass destruction weapon". It's false..Eritrea's will is to live in harmony with Others. You know were you can understand this? Just look Her relation with outsiders, mutual benefit, respect.


  36. Assyass killed Algiers agreement, as of Djiboutians we are happy, miqegna Shaboo

  37. Wushet! The war with Djibouti started when Pia wanted to go thru Djibouti and cut Ethiopias access to the port and choke the nation,and offcourse demand a lot from the then land locked country.Djibouti said no and the war started,warned by France you immediately pulled out.The war had three fronts,Badame front,Assab,Djibouti.The first was the Assab front,Woyane was well informed and was ready ,Eritreas best was completely destroyed,it was to cut Ethio.Djibouti railways.The second front was Djibouti ,as mentioned it was history.The last but not least is Badme,that i leave as it still is not settled.That is when PIA said "THE SUN WILL NOT RISE IF BADME IS "The sun rose and Badme is still in Ethiopias hands.

  38. ኢትዮጵያን ጨምሮ ኣፍሪካ ውስጥ ለምእራቡ ኣለም ያልተምበረከከ ሃገር ካለ የኤርትራ መንግስት ብቻ ነው፡ ይህ ደግሞ የኣደባባይ ሚስጥር ስለሆነ ኣንተም ታውቀዋለህ። ኢትዮጵያ ተፈጥሮ ያደላት ሃገር መሆንዋ ባይካድም ያለፈውን ታሪክዋን ስንመለከት ግና ኣንጻራዊ ነው።ኢትዮጵያ የርሃብ ተምሳሊት፡ ኢትዮጵያ ወያኔ መንግስትዋ ምእራባዊያን ያዘዙትን ሁሉ በኣሜን የምትቀበል ሃገር ሆና ተገኝታለች።

    እንግድህ ኢትዮጵያ እና ኤርትራ ቢስማሙ የተሻሉ እድሎች መከፈታቸው ባልቀረ ነበር። ይህ ይሆን ዘንድ ግን ኢትዮጵያ ከኤርትራ ግዛት በኣልጀርሱ ስምምነት መሰረት ለቃ መውጣት ኣለባት። ፕሬዝደንት ኢሳያስ በ1998 ላይ እንደተናገረው የድንበር ውዝግብ ወይም የገባኛል ጥያቄ የመጨረሻው መፍትሄ ሰላማዊ የኣለም ኣቀፊን ስምምነት የተንተራሰ ውይይት እንጂ ጦርነት ተገቢ እንዳልሆነ ኣውስቶ ነበር። በመቀጠልም፡ ዛሬ እኛ ገፍተን ብንይዘውም ነገ ደግሞ ያለ እና የሌለ ሃይል ሰብስበው መጥተው ሊገፉን ይችላሉ ሲለዚህ የመጨረሻው መፍትሄ በኣለም ኣቀፍ ሲምምነት ነው የሚሆነው ሲል ተናግሮ ነበር። ታድያ ኣሁንም ቢሆን የወያኔ ጦር ከኤርትራ ግዛት ላይ ለቆ ቢወጣ ለስርኣቱም ደህንነት በበጄ ነበር። እንግዲህ ደርግም እስከመጨርሻው ሰኣት ድረስ ስለጀግንነት ቆራጥነት ይናገር ነበር፡ ወይኔም ይህ እጣ ሳይጋጥመው ከወዲሁ ከኤርትራ መሬት ለቆ ቢወጣ እና ከኤርትራ ጋራ ቢስማማ መልካም ነበር!

    ብሎም ደግሞ ያለው የወያኔ መንግስት ከገባበት የኣለም ባንክ ብድር ባሻገር የድሃውን ገበሬ መሬት እየነጠቀ ለማይረቡ ኣረቦች እና ህንዶች በርካሽ ዋጋ ለም መሬትዋን በግድ የለሽነት እየቸበቸበ ይገኛል። ታድያ ይህቺ ኣገር በምን መስፈሪያ ነው የተሻለች ሃገር ናት የምንለው።

    ዜጎችዋ ምግብ ማግኘት ተስኖዋቸው ከቆሻሻ መጣያ ቦታ የተጣለ ፍርፋሪ ለማግኘት የሚርመሰመሱባት ብቸኛ የምስራቅ ኣፍሪካ ሃገር ሆናለች፡ ግን ለምን? እንግዲህ ይህ ህዝብ መሪ እና ቦጎ ኣስተዳደር በማጣቱ ኣይደለምን?


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