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Eritrea: A beacon of stability and hope in a troubled region.

Independence Day festivities in Asmara (Credit: Natnael)


Eritrea:  A beacon of stability and hope in a troubled region.

Tesfay Aradom, Ph.D.

On May 24, 1991, the indomitable forces of the EPLA liberated the people and the land of Eritrea from the protracted and brutal colonial rule of successive Ethiopian regimes.  The feudal and later self-proclaimed socialist Ethiopian regimes, despite their decisive numerical superiority, would not have been able to hold their colonial rule on Eritrea had it not been for the continual and massive  flow  of sophisticated arms and training  provided by successive US administrations and Soviet Union. Furthermore, these nations, along with their Western and Eastern allies, continued to offer their client state all the necessary diplomatic cover throughout the duration of our war for independence. In a characteristic display of magnanimity, the EPLF led Eritrean Government established diplomatic relations with several nations including those which demonstrated their determination to deprive the people of Eritrea their inalienable right for self-determination.

Soon after Eritrea became a de jure independent nation in May 1993, several legal, political and military challenges transpired that tested the Government of Eritrea’s (GOE) ability and determination to defend its sovereignty and protect its territorial integrity. Faced with such events the GOE consistently adopted a constructive conflict resolution approach: to forego violence and resolve issues through negotiations, arbitration or adjudication. However, motivated by a sinister political agenda, several actors opted to unnecessarily prolong the conflicts and causing enormous human and material challenges on this nascent nation. Needless to say, such intrigues have also contributed significantly to the instability and volatility that prevails in the Horn of Africa today.

The first legal and territorial challenge to the nation occurred in December of 1995 when Yemeni troops occupied, by force, Eritrean land in the Hanish Archipelago. This illegal action led to further military confrontation as Eritrea was forced to defend its sovereignty.  Eventually,despite its reservations,Eritrea acquiesced to the 1998 Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) ruling. It is important to note that this situation transpired only six years after its de facto independence in the aftermath of a protracted and costly, both in human and material terms, war for independence. The timing of this provocation could not have been more inauspicious since the nation had just begun implementing a much needed massive national reconstruction program.

A year before the resolution of the Eritrean-Yemeni conflict, the Ethiopian Government under the leadership  of  its deceased prime minister, was involved in insidiously provocative illegal actions both in the western and south-eastern part of the nation. They, among many, included the dismantling of the administrative structures of the Eritrean Government in the sub-region of Adi-Murug, removal of border markers implanted by the Italian colonists, encroachment on Eritrean villages and issuance of an illegal Ethiopian map which included large swaths of Eritrean territory.

Emboldened by external forces, the Ethiopian regime launched three unprovoked military offensives between May of 1998 and May of 2000.  In December of 2000, the two nations signed a comprehensive peace agreement (CPA) in Algiers, Algeria. The AU (African Union); the EU (European Union); the UN (the United Nations) and the USA witnessed the  event as guarantors. This was followed by the establishment of the EEBC (The Eritrean-Ethiopian Border Commission) in collaboration with the PCA (Permanent Court of Arbitration) in The Hague.

It is noteworthy that article three of the CPA calls on the AU to carry out an investigation by an independent and impartial body to determine the genesis of the conflict. This body was to be appointed by the Secretary General of the OAU (currently the AU) in consultation with the Secretary General of the United Nations. To this day, the AU has failed to shoulder its responsibility and produce a report. In April of 2002, the Border Commission rendered  its previously agreed upon final and binding verdict  and awarded Badme, the casus belli of the conflict, to Eritrea. Although the Ethiopian Government professes to have accepted the EEBC decision “in principle”, it refuses to allow the demarcation of the border  and continues to illegally occupy sovereign Eritrean territory including Badme and its environs.  In their characteristic desire to appease Ethiopia and thereby promote the economic and political regional strategy  of the US, several high ranking US officials  attempted but failed to introduce alternative “solutions”  in blatant violation of Eritrea’s territorial integrity and national sovereignty.1

In their relentless effort to diplomatically isolate Eritrea for its independent and constructive regional policy and unwavering adherence to a principle of social justice at home, the now deceased prime minister of  the minority government in Ethiopia as a principal architect,  in collusion with and senior US administration officials,  hatched plans to wreak havoc in the country and bring about regime. As a result, the prime minister became the principal architect was not reticent in his claim that he was instrumental in the imposition of  two illegal, unjust and punitive sanctions on Eritrea: (UNSC 1907) in 2009  and (UNSC, 2023) in 2011. The “evidence” for the  sanctions such as links to Al-Shabab, providing to support to Ethiopian opposition groups, the recovery and rehabilitation tax (RRT) and the  Eritrean-Djiboutian “conflict” was provided mainly by Ethiopia, disgruntled Eritrean individuals and forces bent on destroying Eritrea. With regards to the latter conflict for instance, the US administration, consistent with its past pattern of behavior, was quick to denounce Eritrea as the guilty party. However, in June of 2010, the Presidents of Eritrea and Djibouti signed a comprehensive agreement mandating the Emir of Qatar to facilitate the resolution of all outstanding issues between the two countries. Eritrea remains fully committed to the agreement and processes thereof.

It is an open secret that these conspiracies were aimed at holding Eritrea hostage, sow dissension among its population and seriously compromise its national integrity. However, the GOE, undaunted by such desperate intentions,  continues  to make impressive strides with regard to social justice as well as the political and economic conditions of the nation. Young children and the youth have access to free educational opportunities at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels. The adult literacy rate in Eritrea, which stands at 80%, is higher than those in Ethiopia; South Sudan; the Sudan and Djibouti.2 Currently, at least 18 thousand Eritrean youth are receiving tertiary level education in Colleges spread over several regions of the country.3 Needless to say, this will be a remarkable boost to the nation’s human resource potential. Life expectancy in Eritrea is 66 years compared to 36 in 1991, and an average of 54 for the entire African continent.4  The rate of HIV/AIDS at 0.6% is the lowest in Tropical Africa.5 With regards to the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs), the country achieved Gender Equality, Reduction of Child Mortality (MDG4), Improvement of Maternal Health (MDG5), Combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases (MDG6) before the target date and has been on track to achieve goals  2, 6 and 7.6

In its June 2014 report the SEMG (Somali-Eritrea Monitoring Group) stated that there is no credible evidence that links Eritrea to Al-Shabab.  However, Eritrea’s historical enemies are leaving no stone unturned to prevent the lifting of the illegal sanctions. Hence,  they concocted of a ludicrous plan to accuse the GOE of unfounded human rights violations. Notwithstanding   the fact that the GOE  was actively involved in the UPR (Universal Periodic Review), which the it considers a valid mechanism in enhancing constructive dialogue and cooperation among member states, , the Human Rights Council proceeded to appoint Sheila Keetharuth as a special rapporteur (SR),  in October of  2012.  Despite the fact that her reports were based on outlandish accusations by disgruntled and discredited former officials bent on demonizing the GOE, economic migrants who were primarily motivated to seek political asylum in various Western nations, and elements of dubious Eritrean nationality, the Council decided in  June  of  2014  to escalate its abuse and established an International Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights (COI). Adding insult to injury, the COI included Sheila Keetharuth, the SR whose professional credibility and personal integrity were seriously tarnished as a result of her woefully flawed and politically motivated report, Mike Smith from Australia and Victor Dankwa from Ghana.

It is noteworthy that, inspired by US President Obama’s statement7 and former US Ambassador to Eritrea’s preposterous comments8, UNHCR officials in collusion with Senior US administration officials made a concerted effort to classify Eritrean economic migrants as political asylum seekers and secure them legal status in Western nations. It seems as if the squandering of very much needed financial and human resources on futile projects and flagrant breach of ethical standards are normal practice at the UN institution and eroding its integrity.

A few Western Nations have become increasingly concerned with  the  accuracy and objectivity of  the HRC  initiated and sanctioned reports  and have, therefore, conducted their own inquiries and reached their own conclusions which are  significantly at variance with the politically motivated SR and COI  reports.9  One hopes that, as a result of their findings, these nations will revisit their policies regarding Eritrean migrants and their diplomatic relations with Eritrea.

GOE’s demonstrable political maturity, steadfast determination to pursue a policy of social justice and principled, consistently independent and  forward-thinking  diplomatic interventions have enabled the nation to become a beacon of stability, peace and hope in a region mired in chronic ethnicity and religion based strife.  As Eritreans, we have demonstrated our strength and tenacity as a people and as a nation through our tested ability to stay the course even in the face of relentless adversity and intrigues and determination to continue to pursue our aspirations of a prosperous, stable and truly democratic nation. Collectively and individually, we should be neither motivated nor feel the obligation to adapt to and embrace an essentially unethical, plutocratic10and sociopathic11 international political and socio-economic system. Furthermore, we should not exalt duplicity, voracious greed and callous disregard for the needs  and  rights  of  others  as virtues  that  we and our future generations must emulate.

Wetru  Awet  N’hafash
____________________________________________
1 John R. Bolton, Surrender is not an Option. Threshold Editions, p. 347-348
2 UNICEF, 2014
3 NOKUT, 2013—Norwegian Agency for Quality Assurance in Education
4 WHO, 2012
5 UNAIDS, 2015
6 UNDP, 2014
7 Speech at the Clinton Global Initiative Annual Meeting, 9/26/2012
8 Amb. Ronald K Mcmullen’s  statement on 5/5/2009 (Wikileaks)
9 UK Home Office-Country Information and Guidance- Eritrea: National Military Service, March, 2015
   Eritrea: Drivers and Root Causes of  Emigration, National Service and the Possibility  of Return-
Danish Immigration Service, August/October, 2014
10 Noam Chomsky, N. Foreword to Derber, C.  Sociopathic Society- A people’s sociology of the United States
11 Derber, C.  Sociopathic Society- A people’s sociology of the United States (Paradigm Publishers, 2013)

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Eritrea: A beacon of stability and hope in a troubled region. Reviewed by Admin on 12:49 PM Rating: 5

19 comments:

  1. Food for ThoughtMay 8, 2015 at 5:11 PM

    Useful Idiot: a term for people perceived as propagandists for a cause whose goals
    they are not fully aware of, and who are used cynically by the leaders
    of the cause.

    Eritrea: a nation who's sole foreign policy is based on conspiracies and reacting to "foreign hatched" plans.

    Eritrea: a nation who's internal policy is an ambiguous goal of "social justice" with no metric to measure it by.

    Eritrea: a nation who's leadership are from Tigray (Isasis, Yeman "Monkey", Yeman Charlie, Hagos Kisha, etc...)

    ReplyDelete
  2. Fallen Sons and DaughtersMay 8, 2015 at 6:59 PM

    May 24 is a sacred day for the people of the miracle land. Eritrea's independence was indeed a modern day miracle that was earned against all odds with the blood of its warrior sons and daughters.
    Eterna Glory to our Martyrs!
    AWET N HAFASH!

    ReplyDelete
  3. Happy Happy 24thMay 8, 2015 at 7:01 PM

    Madote has the best pictures out of all the Eritrean websites! Bravo! Brava!
    Happy 24th Independence Day!

    ReplyDelete
  4. ኣሌክ - Alec youMay 9, 2015 at 2:56 AM

    Magnificent!!...

    ReplyDelete
  5. ኣሌክ - Alec youMay 9, 2015 at 2:58 AM

    Yawn...

    ReplyDelete
  6. A SAYING FROM A LIK "MEMAR MEMUAR HONE " APPLIES TO Dr TESFAYE IF HE UNDERSTANDS ITS MEANING.

    ReplyDelete
  7. fart,
    The author is Eritrean and his name is Tesfay NOT Tesfaye, just you know.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Thank you Dr. Aradom,
    Happy Independence to every Eritrean.
    Thank you Madote for all your hard work to connect Eritreans everywhere.

    ReplyDelete
  9. "Food for Thought"
    Happy Ethiopian 3000 Birth day to you too.

    ReplyDelete
  10. Happy Birthday to my beloved country Eritrea! Yes, Eritreans have a country, so do the Ethiopians. I feel sorry for the ones in between. Their only mission to try to live by lies.

    ReplyDelete
  11. BALEGE!!!!!THE NAME DOES NOT MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE, THE E AT THE END..THE IDEA DOES..WHAT SURPRISES ALL IS YOU TALK OF IQS, BUT YOURS IS SO LOW THAT YOU CANT EVEN REMEMBER WHAT YOU PROMISED YOURSELVES A COUPLE OF MONTHS BACK. I QUOTE " I WILL NOT REPLY TO YOUR POSTS UNLESS YOU USE LOWER CASE WHEN YOU TYPE" END OF QUOTE THAT IS WHAT YOU WROTE HERE ON MADOTE ,AND HERE YOU ARE REPLYING EVEN THOUGH I USED UPPER CASE.HYPO.FYI MEMUAR IS REGRESSIVE....

    ReplyDelete
  12. I think we are talking about the none existing 3000 years history as promoted by the Amhara Neftegna. Unfortunately to them, the Ethiopian history shall be rewritten by the rest of the Ethiopians, if Ethiopia continued to exist as a nation.

    ReplyDelete
  13. DO YOU DOUBT THAT ? I AM AFRAID THE OASIS MIGHT DISINTEGRATE.AS TO THE REWRITING OF HISTORY KEEP IT UP..AFTER ALL IT IS HERE ON MADOTE.LET ME MAKE YOU HAPPY "ERITREA IS A NATION WITH A 3000 YEARS OF HISTORY, LESS 50 YEARS COLONIZED BY THE VERY YOUNG NATION ETHIOPIA, OH SORRY 30 YEARS"""

    ReplyDelete
  14. I only looked at the lower case penname "fart". -- yes the name does not make a difference. Again you are confusing forgetting something and an IQ63 ...

    ReplyDelete
  15. ok Mr. fart -- name does not make a difference (just replaced j with an f).

    ReplyDelete
  16. HIDROM,
    No worries, the 3000 years hopefully is in a different base number system, else it is a very sad 3000 years.

    ReplyDelete
  17. FORGOT THE BASIC POINT WHY REPLY WHILE I USE UPPER CASE? SOMETHINK IN YOUR WORDS SAID YOU WILL !NOT! BALEGE .....

    ReplyDelete
  18. Eritrea..Yohana..Merhaba..Welcome..
    Happy 24th Independence Day for all of Good will..ne tselaetena kea ere yetàmom

    ReplyDelete
  19. Aheeya !
    You should thank me for it.

    ReplyDelete

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