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Ethiopia's Queen of Sheba and the Ark of the Covenant Myth

Written By Admin on Sep 26, 2010 | 11:28 AM

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Very few queens have evoked passionate sentiments the way the mythical Queen of Sheba has. Her legacy transcends nation-states, continents, and even religious affiliation. The exact geographical origin of Queen of Sheba has been highly contested.  Even Sheba's exact name is not agreed upon. For Yemenis and Arabs in the Arabian Peninsula, her name was "Bilqis". For Christian Ethiopians, her name was "Makeda", while the ancient Roman historian Josephus styled her as "Nicaule". Despite all these claims and counter-claims as to where her origins lay or as to what her name was, there hasn't been any tangible evidence to her very existence.




The legendary Queen of Sheba has spawned hundreds of films and thousands of books. she is the equal only of the great Egyptian Queen Cleopatra, who died with the aid of a serpent. There are few females in history who have captured mankind's imagination in such a way. And yet, just like King Solomon, Sheba never really existed. Her story has been repeated many times and in many contexts, but there isn't a scrap of evidence for her existence, apart from the religious writings of the Bible, Koran, the Kebra Negast, and a few others. Like Solomon, Sheba's real name is an enigma.

GNOSIS, By Gardiner, Philip, p. 233


Out of all the nations that claim her, she has the most profound impact upon Ethiopians. For them, this mythical queen is the founder of their Ethiopian civilization and one who's cherished and beloved by their Christian population. Ethiopia's account of the Queen of Sheba is seen as the first ancestor of Ethiopia's imperial kings, known as the "Solomonic Dynasty". The Queen of Sheba is seen as the founding ancestor of this imperial line and the begning of Ethiopia's cherished 3,000 year historical claim. According to Christian Ethiopians, upon visiting Jerusalem, Sheba was seduced by Solomon, and gave birth to their son of Menelik. After Menelik grew older, he would end up journeying back to Jerusalem to visit his father Solomon and subsequently stole the Ark of the Covenant to Aksum, where it resides in St. Mary of Zion Church.


So does Christian Ethiopians' claims hold up? Well for starters, in order for Christian Ethiopians to even begin to claim the mytical figure of queen of Sheba, they would need to have archeological evidence unequivocally demonstrating a settled-civilization or a kingdom taking place in their region around the time Sheba was supposedly to be in existence. Sheba's existence is believed to be around the 10th century BC or 3,000 years ago. Unfortunately for Christian Ethiopians, there isn't any kingdom, village, house, a single structure, or a settled-civilization found within Ethiopia that dates to that time period. We know now that the oldest settled civilization in the horn of Africa is found in the outskirts of the Eritrean capital of Asmara, and that only dates to 2,800 years of age. Even if Ethiopians claimed ancient Ona site of Eritrea as their own, they would still be short by two centuries to even start discussing the Queen of Sheba myth.

"He and his colleagues revealed that between 800 BC and 400 BC, the highlands around Asmara supported the earliest settled pastoral and agricultural community known in the Horn of Africa: an indigenous culture."
New discoveries in Africa change face of history, by Professor Peter Ridgway Schmidt



Interestingly enough, not a single kingdom of the horn of Africa region that were established much later in history ever mentions Sheba or the Ark of the Covenant in the numerous texts they left behind. So when did these fictional historical claims by Christian Ethiopians of the Amhara and Tigray ethnic groups begin? According to professor Petet Shchmidt, the Queen of Sheba myth first entered what is now known as Ethiopia at the end of the 13th century AD. The inhabitants of that region learned about this fable from Arabia and recreated the story to fit their own political needs so to further strengthen their own political tale and conquest over other regions.

"In the 13th century, the Christian highlanders even borrowed from Arabia and adapted the fable of the Queen of Sheba with which to further their own conquests and political tale. They developed what was to become known as the Solomonic myth."
New discoveries in Africa change face of history, by Professor Peter Ridgway Schmidt


According to the historian and author Harold Marcus, the queen of Sheba myth adopted by Christian Ethiopians was originally created to legitimize Yukuno Amlak's rule of the late 13th century AD who had killed the Zagwa king to obtain power.


"As a usurper, the new monarch encountered considerable resistance, and, in order to win over Tigray with its many Axumite traditions, he and his supporters began to circulate a fable about his descent from King Solomon and Makeda, Queen of Shaba, and their son Emperor Menelik-I, a genealogy that, of course, gave him traditional legitimacy and provided him the continuity so honored in Ethiopian's subsequent national history."
A History of Ethiopia, by Harold Marcus p. 16


Marcus goes on to add that six Tigrayan scribes mixed local and regional oral traditions, with Biblical stories, adding various Jewish and Islamic commentaries and complied it in a self-serving factious book called Kebra Negest.

"....Kebre Negast (The glory of the kings), it is a pastiche of legends conflated early in the fourteenth century by six Tigrayan scribes. Yishak, the chief compiler, claimed that he and his colleagues were merely translating an Arabic version of a Coptic work into Ge'ez. In fact his team blended local and regional oral traditions and style and substance derived from the Old and the New Testament, various apocryphal texts, Jews and Islamic commentaries, and Patristic writings. The Kebra Negest's primer goal was to legitimize the ascendancy of Emperor Yukuno Amlak and the 'restored' Solomonic line. Most of the book is therefore purposely devoted to the parentage of Emperor Menelik-I."
A History of Ethiopia, by Harold Marcus page 17

The historian Edward Ullendroff describes the uninterrupted lines of kings descending from Menelik-I, who was according to Christian Ethiopians, the son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba, as a "historical fiction" that has become a powerful and influential saga among Christian-Ethiopians.

"the historical fiction of uninterrupted line of Kings descended from Menelik-I, the son of King Solomon and Queen Sheba, has very deep roots in Ethiopia and must be one of the most powerful and influential sagas anywhere in the world."
The Ethiopians: An Introduction to Country and People‎, by Edward Ullendorff, P. 61


One claim Christian Ethiopians have used to support their queen of Sheba myth and Ark of the Covenant story is the fact that there are Ethiopians of Jewish faith, whom are traditionally known as "Falashas" (outsiders) or as the Jewish-Ethiopians would like to be called, "Beta-Israel". According to Christian Ethiopians, these are the people who came from Israel when the Ark was stolen by Menelik-I from Solomon's kingdom. However, recent DNA tests have proven without a shadow of a doubt that these Ethiopians who practice the Jewish faith have no genetic ties to Israel. These Ethiopian Jews may have converted to Judaism after coming into contact with Jewish merchants from Yemen, sometime around the time the Aksumite kingdom went into decline.

"DNA samples from Beta Israel/Falasha Jews and Ethiopians were studied with the Y-Chromosome-specific DNA probe p49a to screen for TapI restriction polymorphism and haplotypes. Two haplotypes (V and XI) are the most widespread in Beta Israel and Ethiopians, representing about 70% of the total number of haplotypes in Ethiopia. Because the Jewish Haplotypes VII and VIII are not represented in the Falasha population, we conclude that these people descended from ancient inhabitants of Ethiopia who converted to Judaism.
DNA & tradition: the genetic link to the ancient Hebrews By Yaakov Kleiman, p.83



Although it's claimed by Christian-Ethiopians the Ark is never shown to anyone outside of the priest who guards it, historical fact is, it has been shown. In fact, Professor Edward Ullendroff, an authority on Ethiopian history and religious scholarly had obtained access to see Ethiopia's ark in 1941 and he dismissed it as a "fabrication". He went on to describe the Ethiopian ark as nothing more than a wooden box, that was empty inside, and one that was of middle to late medieval construction. Ullendorff went on to say that the priests and the Ethiopian government keep perpetuating an aura of mystery around the ark  "mostly to maintain the idea that it's a venerated object".

.....Professor Edward Ullendroff, the first incumbent of the only chair of Ethiopian Studies in Great Britain. His book Ethiopia and the Bible, published by Oxford University Press, is acknowledged as the classic scholarly work in the field on religion in Ethiopia. When Graham Hancok's book on the Ark in Ethiopia, the Sign and the Seal, was first released, the press sought Ullendroff as an expert to give his evaluation of Hancock's theory. In an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Ullendroff, after calling Handcock's book "a sad joke," declared that he had personally seen the object in Axum: "They have a wooden Box, but it's empty....Middle to late medieval construction, when these were fabricated ad hoc." Ullendorff went on to say that the priests and the government perpetuate an aura of mystery around the object "mostly to maintain the idea that it's a venerated object." Yet Hancock and Cornuke, as well as other Westerners who have visited the site, have claimed that no one is permitted to enter the church and view the Ark.

Ullendrof, to the contrary, say this is simply because they were Westerners who had no knowledge of Ethiopian language or customs: "I've seen it. There was no problem getting access when I saw it in 1941....You need to be able to speak their language, classical Ge'ez; you need to be able to show that you're serious."Therefore, according to this expert witness, the object in Axum is a medieval relic that can be viewed by anyone who the priests choose to let see it.

Because the Kebra Negast supports the claim of the royal house, it has become the national epic of the country and the possession of its "ark" is essential to maintaining Abyssinian Christian supercession. It is also held to be the Ark by the "faithful" and generally acknowledged as such by the entire population who regard it as part of their national pride. Therefore, regardless what is in the Axum chapel, the Ethiopians still claim it is the Ark.
Searching for the Ark of the Covenant By Randall Price, page, 177.


In reference to the Queen of Sheba and the subsquent claim of the Ark of the Covenant, the historian Smith Hempstone reminds people that historians and archaeologist generally agree the Ethiopian claims are "complete fabrication":

"Historians and archaeologists are generally agreed that the whole story is a complete fabrication."
Africa, angry young giant, by Smith Hempstone, page. 69


Professor Tudor Parfitt has dedicated many years of his life to studying the Ark and visiting various locations around the World, including Ethiopia, to investigate the people that claim it. In his book, The Lost Ark of the Covenant: Solving the 2,500-Year-Old Mystery of the Fabled Biblical Ark, he states there isn't any evidence that the queen of Sheba ever existed and like so many other scholars, he dismisses the claims by Christian Ethiopians that the Ark of the covenant is in Ethiopia. Professor Parfitt believes "without a shadow of doubt" that the Ark being held at St. Mary of Zion Church in Aksum, Ethiopia is a "fake" and one without any "antiquity".

The majority of the Amhara claimed that the Queen of Sheba, who was an Ethiopian queen, visited King Solomon in Jerusalem, where she became pregnant by the great king. In due course the Ark was stolen by their son Menelik, the first emperor of Ethiopia. For the Christian Amhara the story of the Ark was their foundation myth, like it was the foundation myth of no other society on Earth.

But was there any historical basis to these tales? In Arab folklore the Queen of Sheba is called Bilqis and is associated with the pre-Islamic south Arabian kingdom of Saba. In fact there is no evidence at all that the Queen of Sheba ever existed. However, her alleged union with Solomon generated countless legends throughout the world. In the Ethiopian retelling of these legends, the story and the substance of the Ark had become deformed. At the most it had become a pretty, Christian altar box with crosses on it. It was used to celebrate the Christian sacrament. It had been metamorphosed into something tame, domesticated, safe, and obviously far from the Ark of Moses. It had been transformed into something it was not.


There was not the slightest indication that the object in the chapel of the St. Mary of Zion Church in Aksum had any great antiquity or was connected with the original Ark or with original Arks in any way. Quite the contrary: it has been proved without a shadow of doubt that it did not.

But even conceptually, this fake, Christian Ark described by Abu Salih, and something even more ornate described by later visitors to Aksum, was not the Ark I was seeking. It was not the Ark.
The Lost Ark of the Covenant: Solving the 2,500-Year-Old Mystery of the Fabled Biblical Ark  by Professor Tudor Parfitt, page 72-73


All in all, we may never know if Queen of Sheba or King Solomon ever existed outside of the imaginations crafty scripture writers or imaginative oral tradition story tellers. Up till now, there hasn't been any evidence both of them were even real. Furthermore, the Ethiopian claim of Queen of Sheba and the Ark of the covenant being present in Ethiopia is one that holds no merit. This fictional myth clearly started in the 13th century AD to legitimize Yukuno Amlak's rule, who had murdered his way to power. Yet despite the Ethiopian claims being undoubtedly fake, one can not overlook the power it has within Christian Ethiopians. Nevertheless, for many Christian Ethiopians they will continue to believe their oral traditions, even with the fact that their claims have been thoroughly dismissed.


Image of the Ark of the covenant is courtesy of Peter's Scribd publication, 'The Lord of the Harvest'.



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27 comments:

  1. Everything about that country is fake.

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  2. home/eritrean history/eritrean news/ETHIOPIA IS FAKE...??? I THOUGHT THIS PAGE WAS SUPPOSED TO BE ABOUT ERITREA NOT ETHIOPIA!! WHY DO U GUYS ALWAYS FEEL LIKE U HAVE TO DISS ETHIOPIA TO GLORIFY ERITREA? Can't u just get us out of ur mind? hard huh?

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  3. one more thing how could the ark be written in geez when geez was officially adopted from eritrean agaz d'mt kingdom in the 4th century???so basically anything prior to 4th century in ethiopia in geez is either written after the 4th century or its agazian/himyarite script,there should be nothing ethiopian in geez prior to the 4th century b.c and thats a fact proven by the weak ezana script in meroe where he mixed sabean and geez scriptures..either way the monks in the 14th century were dumb enough not to think about that to cover up their track,which may explain why they didn't want to show their stupidity to the world.THATS WHAT HAPPENES WHEN YOU ADOPT A LANGUAGE (GE'EZ) AND STOP USING YOUR OLD LANGUAGE (SABEAN) AND 1000 YEARS LATER you stuck since your adopted language is all you know but dates doesn;t work in your favour.THIS IS ZA-AGWE FABRICATIONS SINCE THIS IS THE SAME THING THE JEWS THINK OF SOLOMON HAVING A ONE NIGHT STAND WITH SHEBA ONLY NOW THE FAIRYTALERS ETHIOPIANS COPORATED IT TO THEIR RELIGION NO WONDER ETHIOPIAN ORTHODOX CHURCHES ARE NOT ALLOWED TO BE ENTERED BY ANY OTHER ORTHODOX CHRISTIANS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES LIKE GYPT,GREECE ETC.

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  4. we now ethiopian's our history where we found it no body can tell us this we are the owner of ethiopian queen sheba/mekeda and ark of the covenant don't forget we also oldest history in the world and origin of human being by religious or evolution this is the truth

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  5. I admire your commitment for your country even if what you are saying is fat fetched. Specially I admire the way you interjected the historical primacy of you country over Ethiopia in every chance you get. I am an Ethiopian but I think the whole historical evidence regarding the queen sheba need some fact checking, but not in the way you are trying to do it, i.e replacing a myth with another one. For the record, as much as I am interested in the history of a country, I am more interested to know how that particular country or people ate doing currently. What kind of history are they writing for themselves now. So my fellow generational peers please concentrate on writing you current history.

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  6. 'We know now that the oldest settled civilization in the horn of Africa is found in the outskirts of the Eritrean capital of Asmara, and that only dates to 2,800 years of age'- and the logical conclusion of this statement is that Eritrea is a nation of 3000 years!!! wow!!! this is what we call 21 century myth fabrication!!!! besides, if you are really honest, ask some Eritrean orthodox believers and they will tell you that they also own the story of Queen Sheba as their own story!!1

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  7. the wedding video is wonderful it is so alive man!

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  8. The "Queen of Sheba" story is, essentially, a Jewish legend designed to show the world-wide knowledge of the wisdom and glory of King Solomon. Most of the legend concerns the wise Solomon solving the Queen's riddles.

    The legend makes no reference to any seduction, nor does it identify where "Sheba" was supposed to be.

    Jews have never claimed it to be more than a legend.

    ********
    You have no reason at all to doubt the existence of King Solomon, as history shows that his children divided the Jewish Kingdom into two warring kingdoms - Israel and Judah.

    Denying Solomon's existence makes the rest of your argument sound foolish.

    ******
    The idea that someone could waltz into Jerusalem and steal a 1200-pound gold-covered box from the center of the Temple without anyone noticing for the next five hundred years makes about as much sense as someone stealing Michaelangelo's huge statue of David from the Vatican without anyone noticing for the next five hundred years.

    The nonsense people believe!

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  9. honestly whoever said that queen sheba and solomon are a 'myth' is silly. what proof do you have that they didnt exist? how can you be so sure that you are right? I mean i know they existed coz i believ in god and i believe in his word - what the bible says. and although you may not agree with me that god exists, you still cant prove they didnt exist, and i promise you you never will.

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  10. Hey "Anonymous,"

    I promise you that the burden of proof is on YOU, not on the scholars or the archaeologists or the thousands of other people who have spent their entire lives studying their respective fields.

    Find one single solitary piece of proof - one, ONE piece of proof that either Solomon or the "Queen of Sheba" existed, and then you'll have a leg to stand on. Till then, you've got three religous books and one cultural tradition as your 'evidence.' Sorry pal but that's not gonna cut it, not in the real world.

    There is not one bit of archaeological evidence that she ever existed. Not one. Anywhere. Ditto for King Solomon. As a matter of fact, Solomon isn't even mentioned in any contempraneous records (which, were he the great King which religions claim him to be, would almost certainly have been the case).

    But it's obvious from your comment that you're not interested in facts - only in what you personally believe. "I know they existed cos' I believe in God." That makes about as much sense as saying "I know dragons existed cause I believe in Tiamat" (look it up).

    There is nothing to "prove." You can't prove a negative. I could tell you that you can't "prove" the Easter Bunny doesn't exist. THAT is silly. THAT is an empty, pointless argument, because you're not backing it up with anything but "you can't prove me wrong, so nyahh nyahh nyahh." You sound like a little kid in a playground.

    To put it another way,

    1.YOU can't prove to me that dragons don't exist, even though there's not a single piece of evidence that they do;
    2.YOU can't prove to me that aliens don't visit the earth, even though there's not a single piece of evidence that they have;
    3.YOU can't prove to me that fairies don't live in my garden, even though there's absolutely no evidence of it anywhere.

    Every single one of those three arguments that I just presented carries as much weight as yours does. And they're just as absurd.

    Or, as you so succinctly put it - they are silly.

    But you seem to be coming at this from the age-old mindset of "The bible says it, I believe it, that settles it!" And arguing with someone who thinks that way is like trying to teach a pig to sing: it wastes your time and annoys the pig.

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  11. As has been pointed out numerous times ... there is absolutely NO evidence to support the claims what WHATEVER is being guarded in Aksum is THE Ark of the Covenant, however, there certainly does appear to be evidence that whatever it is ... is a fake. Clearly the entire story behind the Queen of Sheba and Solomon had been fabricated to support the legitimacy of the Ethiopian king.

    Sorry but even DNA testing of the Jewish Ethiopians (whose existance is supposed to support these claims) shows that this group of Ethiopians are NOT related to Jews in Isreal but most likely are nothing more than Ethiopian converts.

    Nope ... sorry folks. What you've got there in Aksum may be an old box - but it ain't Moses' Ark!!!

    And for the record Pennywhistler (not to be TOO picky) but Michaelangelo's David isn't in the Vatican. Its located in the Galleria del Accademia in Florence. :-)

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  12. Its so interesting how far scientists of all fields continue to go to prove a GOD of any sort never existed...n now they focus their energy on an "attempt" to dis-member Ethiopian lineage..as if theres not more important things for them to be doing..If u want to go that far, wheres the proof Jesus existed?..Moses?..etc...Lost, soulless & without faith, except in yourselves...You obviously evolved from monkeys right?..hahaha

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  13. fcourse the ethiopian jews ar not related to the israeli jews beceause the israeli are not ectually the Jews of the bible they are khazar jews and came form WHITE erupean ancestery. Brother please do your research first before you post your ignorant and non proven comments :)

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  14. The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls completely eliminates "Professor" Schmidt's claim for the myth of Sheba, and he knows this.

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  15. You like it or not, Ethiopia is the one and only ancient country in the world. Our only Mistake was to keep Eritrea as part of Ethiopia. very un ethical immoral and un trust worthy people. now they are gone and we are doing well and you guys are eating desert locust. one more thing the references used in this opinion, is totally bull shit from bullshit writers who has their dreams of hate and conquer did not work in Ethiopia.

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  16. Shawonda ChambersApril 28, 2013 at 8:38 AM

    FUTHERMORE, THE FACT THAT THE JEWS OF TODAY IN JERUSALEM AND THE ETHIOPIAN JEWS HAVE NO RELATION ONLY PROVES EVEN MORE THAT THE BIBLE IS TRUE. THE JEWS OF TODAY ARE THE PEOPLE THAT HANDED JESUS OVER TO DEATH/ BETRAYED JESUS WHO WAS MEANT TO BE THEIR SAVIOR FIRST, BECAUSE JESUS WAS JEW! GOD'S ORIGINAL RELIGION FOR HIS CHILDREN WAS JUDAISM. IT WAS BECAUSE THE OF JESUS' TIME REFUSED TO LET GO OF TRADITION, RELIGION AND DESPITE SEEING ALL THE MIRACLES HE PREFORMED, AND HOW EVERYTHING JESUS WAS DOING WAS AND DID FULFILLED PROPHECIES THAT WERE WRITTEN 1000'S OF YEARS BEFORE HIS BIRTH. BUT BECAUSE OF WHERE JESUS CAME FROM, AND HIS POLITICAL STATUS, ECONOMIC STATUS, AND BASICALLY MAKING THEM LOOK BAD- BECAUSE THEY COULDN'T DO WHAT HE COULD DO, THEY REJECTED HIM. HE WAS NAMED THE KING OF THE JEWS, AND HE IS. THOUGH THE PHARISEES OF THE JEWS DID NOT ACCEPT HIM. THEY BECAUSE THE ILLEGITIMATE JEWS.

    EXAMPLE:

    Revelation 2:9

    ‘I know your tribulation and your poverty (but you are rich), and the blasphemy by those who say they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan.

    Revelation 3:9

    Behold, I will cause those of the synagogue of Satan, who say that they are Jews and are not, but lie—I will make them come and bow down at your feet, and make them know that I have loved you.

    http://www.biblegateway.com/quicksearch/?quicksearch=SYNAGOGUE+OF+SATAN&qs_version=NASB

    Matthew 2:1-3

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    The Visit of the Magi

    2 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, [a]magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, 2 “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.” 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

    Matthew 27:10-12

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    10 and [a]they gave them for the Potter’s Field, as the Lord directed me.”

    Jesus before Pilate

    11 Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say.” 12 And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He did not answer.

    ANYONE THAT BELIEVES IN JESUS IS A CHRISTIAN. IF BORN A JEW A PERSON CAN STILL PRACTICE THE LAW OF JEWS AND BELIEVE IN JESUS- THEY ARE CALLED MESSIANIC JEWS. ALL THE REAL JEWS ARE BEFORE AND OF JESUS' TIME. AFTER JESUS DIED AND ROSE HE GAVE AUTHORITY TO HIS FOLLOWERS AND THE NEW RELIGION OF THE CHILDREN OF GOD BECAME CHRISTIAN. DERIVED FROM THE ROOT WORD CHRIST- THE MESSIAH- SAVIOR.

    WHETHER THE QUEEN OF SHEBA AND SOLOMON HAD A CHILD TOGETHER WAS NEVER SUPPOSED TO BE AN ISSUE. THE ISSUES IS IF THE Y EXISTED, AND THEY DID. THE FACT THAT THERE ARE JEWS IN ETHIOPIA AND HAVE BEEN FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS PROVES THAT THE RELIGION WAS PASSED ON FROM THERE MOST FAMOUS AND INFLUENTIAL QUEEN. APPARENTLY SHE EXISTED, BECAUSE JESUS HIMSELF SPOKE ABOUT HER... AND SOLOMON.

    GOD IS REAL, AND ABLE TO DO ANYTHING. DO NOT REDUCE HIM TO YOUR LEVEL. HE DOES NOT THINK LIKE US. HE IS HIGHER THAN US, AND IS NOT BIAS TOWARDS ANY CREATURE OR BEING.

    Deuteronomy 10:17

    For the LORD your God is God of gods, and
    Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regards not
    persons...

    Deuteronomy 10:17

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    17 For the Lord your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome Godwho does not show partiality nor take a bribe.

    ReplyDelete
  17. Shawonda ChambersApril 28, 2013 at 8:39 AM

    FUTHERMORE, THE FACT THAT THE JEWS OF TODAY IN JERUSALEM AND THE ETHIOPIAN JEWS HAVE NO RELATION ONLY PROVES EVEN MORE THAT THE BIBLE IS TRUE. THE JEWS OF TODAY ARE THE PEOPLE THAT HANDED JESUS OVER TO DEATH/ BETRAYED JESUS WHO WAS MEANT TO BE THEIR SAVIOR FIRST, BECAUSE JESUS WAS JEW! GOD'S ORIGINAL RELIGION FOR HIS CHILDREN WAS JUDAISM. IT WAS BECAUSE THE OF JESUS' TIME REFUSED TO LET GO OF TRADITION, RELIGION AND DESPITE SEEING ALL THE MIRACLES HE PREFORMED, AND HOW EVERYTHING JESUS WAS DOING WAS AND DID FULFILLED PROPHECIES THAT WERE WRITTEN 1000'S OF YEARS BEFORE HIS BIRTH. BUT BECAUSE OF WHERE JESUS CAME FROM, AND HIS POLITICAL STATUS, ECONOMIC STATUS, AND BASICALLY MAKING THEM LOOK BAD- BECAUSE THEY COULDN'T DO WHAT HE COULD DO, THEY REJECTED HIM. HE WAS NAMED THE KING OF THE JEWS, AND HE IS. THOUGH THE PHARISEES OF THE JEWS DID NOT ACCEPT HIM. THEY BECAUSE THE ILLEGITIMATE JEWS.

    EXAMPLE:

    Revelation 2:9

    ‘I know your tribulation and your poverty (but you are rich), and the blasphemy by those who say they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan.

    Revelation 3:9

    Behold, I will cause those of the synagogue of Satan, who say that they are Jews and are not, but lie—I will make them come and bow down at your feet, and make them know that I have loved you.

    http://www.biblegateway.com/quicksearch/?quicksearch=SYNAGOGUE+OF+SATAN&qs_version=NASB

    Matthew 2:1-3

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    The Visit of the Magi

    2 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, [a]magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, 2 “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.” 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

    Matthew 27:10-12

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    10 and [a]they gave them for the Potter’s Field, as the Lord directed me.”

    Jesus before Pilate

    11 Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say.” 12 And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He did not answer.

    ANYONE THAT BELIEVES IN JESUS IS A CHRISTIAN. IF BORN A JEW A PERSON CAN STILL PRACTICE THE LAW OF JEWS AND BELIEVE IN JESUS- THEY ARE CALLED MESSIANIC JEWS. ALL THE REAL JEWS ARE BEFORE AND OF JESUS' TIME. AFTER JESUS DIED AND ROSE HE GAVE AUTHORITY TO HIS FOLLOWERS AND THE NEW RELIGION OF THE CHILDREN OF GOD BECAME CHRISTIAN. DERIVED FROM THE ROOT WORD CHRIST- THE MESSIAH- SAVIOR.

    WHETHER THE QUEEN OF SHEBA AND SOLOMON HAD A CHILD TOGETHER WAS NEVER SUPPOSED TO BE AN ISSUE. THE ISSUES IS IF THE Y EXISTED, AND THEY DID. THE FACT THAT THERE ARE JEWS IN ETHIOPIA AND HAVE BEEN FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS PROVES THAT THE RELIGION WAS PASSED ON FROM THERE MOST FAMOUS AND INFLUENTIAL QUEEN. APPARENTLY SHE EXISTED, BECAUSE JESUS HIMSELF SPOKE ABOUT HER... AND SOLOMON.

    GOD IS REAL, AND ABLE TO DO ANYTHING. DO NOT REDUCE HIM TO YOUR LEVEL. HE DOES NOT THINK LIKE US. HE IS HIGHER THAN US, AND IS NOT BIAS TOWARDS ANY CREATURE OR BEING.

    Deuteronomy 10:17

    For the LORD your God is God of gods, and
    Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regards not
    persons...

    Deuteronomy 10:17

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    17 For the Lord your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome Godwho does not show partiality nor take a bribe.

    ReplyDelete
  18. Shawonda ChambersApril 28, 2013 at 8:39 AM

    FUTHERMORE, THE FACT THAT THE JEWS OF TODAY IN JERUSALEM AND THE ETHIOPIAN JEWS HAVE NO RELATION ONLY PROVES EVEN MORE THAT THE BIBLE IS TRUE. THE JEWS OF TODAY ARE THE PEOPLE THAT HANDED JESUS OVER TO DEATH/ BETRAYED JESUS WHO WAS MEANT TO BE THEIR SAVIOR FIRST, BECAUSE JESUS WAS JEW! GOD'S ORIGINAL RELIGION FOR HIS CHILDREN WAS JUDAISM. IT WAS BECAUSE THE OF JESUS' TIME REFUSED TO LET GO OF TRADITION, RELIGION AND DESPITE SEEING ALL THE MIRACLES HE PREFORMED, AND HOW EVERYTHING JESUS WAS DOING WAS AND DID FULFILLED PROPHECIES THAT WERE WRITTEN 1000'S OF YEARS BEFORE HIS BIRTH. BUT BECAUSE OF WHERE JESUS CAME FROM, AND HIS POLITICAL STATUS, ECONOMIC STATUS, AND BASICALLY MAKING THEM LOOK BAD- BECAUSE THEY COULDN'T DO WHAT HE COULD DO, THEY REJECTED HIM. HE WAS NAMED THE KING OF THE JEWS, AND HE IS. THOUGH THE PHARISEES OF THE JEWS DID NOT ACCEPT HIM. THEY BECAUSE THE ILLEGITIMATE JEWS.

    EXAMPLE:

    Revelation 2:9

    ‘I know your tribulation and your poverty (but you are rich), and the blasphemy by those who say they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan.

    Revelation 3:9

    Behold, I will cause those of the synagogue of Satan, who say that they are Jews and are not, but lie—I will make them come and bow down at your feet, and make them know that I have loved you.

    http://www.biblegateway.com/quicksearch/?quicksearch=SYNAGOGUE+OF+SATAN&qs_version=NASB

    Matthew 2:1-3

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    The Visit of the Magi

    2 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king, [a]magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, 2 “Where is He who has been born King of the Jews? For we saw His star in the east and have come to worship Him.” 3 When Herod the king heard this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

    Matthew 27:10-12

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    10 and [a]they gave them for the Potter’s Field, as the Lord directed me.”

    Jesus before Pilate

    11 Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor questioned Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And Jesus said to him, “It is as you say.” 12 And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He did not answer.

    ANYONE THAT BELIEVES IN JESUS IS A CHRISTIAN. IF BORN A JEW A PERSON CAN STILL PRACTICE THE LAW OF JEWS AND BELIEVE IN JESUS- THEY ARE CALLED MESSIANIC JEWS. ALL THE REAL JEWS ARE BEFORE AND OF JESUS' TIME. AFTER JESUS DIED AND ROSE HE GAVE AUTHORITY TO HIS FOLLOWERS AND THE NEW RELIGION OF THE CHILDREN OF GOD BECAME CHRISTIAN. DERIVED FROM THE ROOT WORD CHRIST- THE MESSIAH- SAVIOR.

    WHETHER THE QUEEN OF SHEBA AND SOLOMON HAD A CHILD TOGETHER WAS NEVER SUPPOSED TO BE AN ISSUE. THE ISSUES IS IF THE Y EXISTED, AND THEY DID. THE FACT THAT THERE ARE JEWS IN ETHIOPIA AND HAVE BEEN FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS PROVES THAT THE RELIGION WAS PASSED ON FROM THERE MOST FAMOUS AND INFLUENTIAL QUEEN. APPARENTLY SHE EXISTED, BECAUSE JESUS HIMSELF SPOKE ABOUT HER... AND SOLOMON.

    GOD IS REAL, AND ABLE TO DO ANYTHING. DO NOT REDUCE HIM TO YOUR LEVEL. HE DOES NOT THINK LIKE US. HE IS HIGHER THAN US, AND IS NOT BIAS TOWARDS ANY CREATURE OR BEING.

    Deuteronomy 10:17

    For the LORD your God is God of gods, and
    Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regards not
    persons...

    Deuteronomy 10:17

    New American Standard Bible (NASB)

    17 For the Lord your God is the God of gods and the Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome Godwho does not show partiality nor take a bribe.

    ReplyDelete
  19. Guys stop fighting and start sharing. The queen of sheba is Yemenite (arabian felix) and don't change history to your favour. We accepted the coffee story although many think that coffee birthplace is Yemen and export to the world was through Yemeni Mocha seaport. Coffee is fine to disagree upon, but not the qeen of sheba please, only in Yemen there were kingdoms at that time including Saba kingdom. No kingdoms in Ethiopia or Eriteria at that time so no queen!!!

    ReplyDelete
  20. yap the orthodoxs believers of eritrea also own the story in fact there is a family who claims they are the descended from solomon and sheba and are also relatives of h.selassie dna proves they are, dont believe this fabricated story

    ReplyDelete
  21. Seriously you accepted the coffee history!!!!!! , it is because you have no choice YOU GOT NOTHING , and don't forget yemen was occupied by Ethiopia for money centuries or is that fake too, obviously you are in denial that is the best you can do , i don't blame you and ofcourse you mention Negeste Saba in your books becouse she was you conquerer how is that for HISTORY FACT !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    ReplyDelete
  22. Well, Well Well , this Coming from a person whose country is made from ASKARIS !!!!!!!!!!

    ReplyDelete
  23. Spock had a saucer when he left the enterprise. Just cos he has a scooter now and pointy ears doesn't mean he still can't drive a flyin saucer. Spock rocks!

    ReplyDelete
  24. So, wait... Professor Ullendroff was born in 1920; that means he was 21 years old when he gained access to see the ark.

    Also, according to The Professor's memoir, he arrived in Eritrea and based in Asmara in 1942, so how could he have gained access in 1941 without actually being there?

    And why don't any of your reference links work????

    ******************************************************************************
    Taken from your article:
    "Professor Edward Ullendroff, an authority on Ethiopian history and
    religious scholarly had obtained access to see Ethiopia's ark in 1941
    and he dismissed it as a "fabrication". He went on to describe the
    Ethiopian ark as nothing more than a wooden box, that was empty inside,
    and one that was of middle to late medieval construction."

    ********************************************************************************
    Reference below with regards to his memoir:

    "As Ullendorff explained in his memoir The Two Zions (1988),
    it was the Second World War that cemented his fascination with the
    culture and languages of Ethiopia (Ethiopians traditionally refer to
    their country as “the Second Zion”). When war broke out Ullendorff was
    writing an MA thesis on the use of the definite article in Semitic
    languages. But he soon volunteered to serve in the British Army under
    the Mandate and, because of his knowledge of Ethiopic languages, was
    posted to Eritrea and Ethiopia.
    He served as the chief examiner in the British Censorship in Eritrea,
    based in Asmara, in 1942-43 and as assistant political secretary in
    1945-46."

    Link below:
    http://tseday.wordpress.com/tag/ethiopian-history/page/3/

    ReplyDelete
  25. So, wait... Professor Ullendroff was born in 1920; that means he was 21 years old when he gained access to see the ark.

    Also,
    according to The Professor's memoir, he arrived in Eritrea and based in
    Asmara in 1942, so how could he have gained access in 1941 without
    actually being there?

    And why don't any of your reference links work????

    ******************************************************************************
    Taken from your article:
    "Professor Edward Ullendroff, an authority on Ethiopian history and
    religious scholarly had obtained access to see Ethiopia's ark in 1941
    and he dismissed it as a "fabrication". He went on to describe the
    Ethiopian ark as nothing more than a wooden box, that was empty inside,
    and one that was of middle to late medieval construction."

    ********************************************************************************
    Reference below with regards to his memoir:

    "As Ullendorff explained in his memoir The Two Zions (1988),
    it was the Second World War that cemented his fascination with the
    culture and languages of Ethiopia (Ethiopians traditionally refer to
    their country as “the Second Zion”). When war broke out Ullendorff was
    writing an MA thesis on the use of the definite article in Semitic
    languages. But he soon volunteered to serve in the British Army under
    the Mandate and, because of his knowledge of Ethiopic languages, was
    posted to Eritrea and Ethiopia.
    He served as the chief examiner in the British Censorship in Eritrea,
    based in Asmara, in 1942-43 and as assistant political secretary in
    1945-46."Link below:

    ReplyDelete
  26. So, wait... Professor Ullendroff was born in 1920; that means he was 21 years old when he gained access to see the ark.

    Also, according to The Professor's memoir, he arrived in Eritrea and based in Asmara in 1942, so how could he have gained access in 1941 without actually being
    there?

    And why don't any of your reference links work????

    ******************************************************************************

    Taken from your article:

    "Professor Edward Ullendroff, an authority on Ethiopian history and
    religious scholarly had obtained access to see Ethiopia's ark in 1941
    and he dismissed it as a "fabrication". He went on to describe the
    Ethiopian ark as nothing more than a wooden box, that was empty inside,
    and one that was of middle to late medieval construction."

    ********************************************************************************

    Reference below with regards to his memoir:

    "As Ullendorff explained in his memoir The Two Zions (1988),
    it was the Second World War that cemented his fascination with the
    culture and languages of Ethiopia (Ethiopians traditionally refer to
    their country as “the Second Zion”). When war broke out Ullendorff was
    writing an MA thesis on the use of the definite article in Semitic
    languages. But he soon volunteered to serve in the British Army under
    the Mandate and, because of his knowledge of Ethiopic languages, was
    posted to Eritrea and Ethiopia.

    He served as the chief examiner in the British Censorship in Eritrea,
    based in Asmara, in 1942-43 and as assistant political secretary in
    1945-46."

    Link
    below: http://tseday.wordpress.com/tag/ethiopian-history/page/3/

    ReplyDelete

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